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Übernahme von Auszubildenden: Betriebsgrößenspezifische Analysen


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  • Pahnke, André
  • Icks, Annette
  • Kay, Rosemarie


In dieser Studie wird den Fragen nachgegangen, welche Rolle die eigene Ausbildung von Fachkräften für die Sicherung des Fachkräftebedarfs bisher gespielt hat und zukünftig spielen wird, insbesondere aber, ob und inwiefern vor allem kleine und mittlere Betriebe Schwierigkeiten haben, Ausbildungsabsolventen an sich zu binden. Im Fokus der Untersuchung steht damit der Übergang an der zweiten Schwelle, also von der Ausbildung in die Erwerbstätigkeit. Die Befunde zeigen, dass die Strategie der eigenen Ausbildung von Fachkräften für Großbetriebe in der Vergangenheit am erfolgreichsten war. Besonders für kleine und mittlere Betriebe bleibt zu prüfen, warum relativ viele ihrer Ausbildungsverhältnisse vorzeitig beendet werden. Hier ist ein Ansatzpunkt gegeben, das eigene Fachkräftepotenzial zu erweitern. -- This study investigates the current and future importance of vocational training to satisfy demand for professionals and whether small and medium-sized establishments experienced difficulties keeping successful apprentices as professionals. Hence, the paper focuses on the transition of apprentices into gainful employment. The results show that large establishments were most successful covering their demand for skilled employees by the retention of apprentices. Especially small and medium-sized establishments should check why training contracts end early. This may be a starting point to increase the number of potential professionals in the future.

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Paper provided by Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn in its series IfM-Materialien with number 221.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifmmat:221

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Keywords: Berufsausbildung; Übernahmen; Fachkräfte; KMU;

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  1. Daron Acemoglu & Jorn-Steffen Pischke, 1999. "The Structure of Wages and Investment in General Training," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(3), pages 539-572, June.
  2. Rita Asplund, 2005. "The Provision and Effects of Company Training: A Brief Review of the Literature," Nordic Journal of Political Economy, Nordic Journal of Political Economy, vol. 31, pages 47-73.
  3. Jens Mohrenweiser & Uschi Backes-Gellner, 2008. "Apprenticeship Training – What for? Investment in Human Capital or Substitute for Cheap Labour?," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0017, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU).
  4. Kay, Rosemarie & Kranzusch, Peter & Suprinoviéc, Olga, 2008. "Absatz- und Personalpolitik mittelständischer Unternehmen im Zeichen des demografischen Wandels: Herausforderungen und Reaktionen," IfM-Materialien 183, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
  5. Mohrenweiser, Jens & Zwick, Thomas, 2009. "Why do firms train apprentices? The net cost puzzle reconsidered," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 631-637, December.
  6. Felix Wenzelmann, 2012. "Ausbildungsmotive und die Zeitaufteilung der Auszubildenden im Betrieb," Journal of Labour Market Research, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 125-145, July.
  7. Jacobebbinghaus, Peter & Seth, Stefan, 2010. "Linked-Employer-Employee-Daten des IAB: LIAB-Querschnittmodell 2 1993-2008 (LIAB QM2 9308)," FDZ Datenreport. Documentation on Labour Market Data 201005_de, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  8. Acemoglu, Daron & Pischke, Jorn-Steffen, 1999. "Beyond Becker: Training in Imperfect Labour Markets," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(453), pages F112-42, February.
  9. Kay, Rosemarie & Suprinoviĉ, Olga & Werner, Arndt, 2010. "Deckung des Fachkräftebedarfs in kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen: Situationsanalyse und Handlungsempfehlungen," IfM-Materialien 200, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
  10. Niederalt, Michael, 2005. "Bestimmungsgründe des betrieblichen Ausbildungsverhaltens in Deutschland," Discussion Papers 36, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
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