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Die Bedeutung des Kurzarbeitergeldes im Mittelstand

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  • Münstermann, Leonard
  • Schneck, Stefan
  • Wolter, Hans-Jürgen

Abstract

Der Beitrag befasst sich mit der Nutzung der (konjunkturellen) Kurzarbeit durch mittelständische Betriebe. Es zeigte sich, dass kleine und mittelgroße Betriebe dieses Instrument deutlich seltener als ihre großbetrieblichen Pendants nutzen: im Juni 2009 ließen nur etwa 1,6 Prozent der kleinen und 7,4 Prozent der mittelgroßen Betriebe kurzarbeiten, wohingegen das in 19,7 % der großen Betriebe mit mindestens 500 Beschäftigten der Fall war. Zur Finanzierung tragen über die Pflichtbeiträge zur gesetzlichen Arbeitslosenversicherung hingegen alle Betriebe gleichermaßen bei. Da das Kurzarbeitergeld als originäre Leistung der Arbeitslosenversicherung anzusehen ist, kommt es dennoch nicht zu einer Benachteiligung des Mittelstandes. Daher ist es aus Sicht des Mittelstandes ein sinnvolles Instrument, um unabwendbare und nicht dauerhafte Ereignisse abzufedern. -- This paper aims to describe various aspects of cyclical short-time work in Germany. At first, the empirical examination of officially available data reveals that large establishments with at least 500 employees utilize short-time work much more than smaller establishments. While only 1.6 percent of small establishments with a maximum of nine employees utilize shorttime work, 7.4 percent of medium sized establishments and 19.7 percent of large establishments, respectively, apply short-time in June 2009. Another focus of this study is on the legal frame of short-time work with a special focus on whether it can be understood as extraneous unemployment insurance benefits. The examination suggests that this is the case. For this reason, there is no systematic discrimination of establishments who do not apply short-time work.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn in its series IfM-Materialien with number 215.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifmmat:215

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Keywords: Kurzarbeit; kleine und mittlere Betriebe; short-time work; small and medium-sized; establishments; SME;

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References

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  1. Schmillen, Achim & Möller, Joachim, 2010. "Determinants of lifetime unemployment : a micro data analysis with censored quantile regressions," IAB Discussion Paper 201003, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  2. Werner Eichhorst & Paul Marx, 2009. "Kurzarbeit — Sinnvoller Konjunkturpuffer oder verlängertes Arbeitslosengeld?," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer, vol. 89(5), pages 322-328, May.
  3. Boeri, Tito & Brücker, Herbert, 2011. "Short-Time Work Benefits Revisited: Some Lessons from the Great Recession," IZA Discussion Papers 5635, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Müller, Anne & Rebien, Martina & Vogler-Ludwig, Kurt, 2012. "IAB-Erhebung des Gesamtwirtschaftlichen Stellenangebots : Betriebsbefragung zu Stellenangebot und Besetzungsprozessen. Wellen 2005 bis 2009 und Folgequartale," FDZ Datenreport. Documentation on Labour Market Data 201202_de, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  5. Cahuc, Pierre & Carcillo, Stéphane, 2011. "Is Short-Time Work a Good Method to Keep Unemployment Down?," IZA Discussion Papers 5430, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Römer, Michael & Borell, Rolf, 2002. "Versicherungsfremde Leistungen in der Arbeitslosenversicherung," KBI-Schriften (2002-2012) 96, Karl-Bräuer-Institut des Bundes der Steuerzahler e.V. (KBI).
  7. Karl Brenke & Ulf Rinne & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2010. "Kurzarbeit: nützlich in der Krise, aber nun den Ausstieg einleiten," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(16), pages 2-13.
  8. Crimmann, Andreas & Wieβner, Frank & Bellmann, Lutz, 2010. "The German work-sharing scheme : an instrument for the crisis," ILO Working Papers 457637, International Labour Organization.
  9. Marina Hoffmann & Stefan Schneck, 2011. "Short-Time Work in German Firms," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 57(4), pages 233-254.
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