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Aнализ Оболочки Данных (Dea) – Современная Методика Определения Эффективности Производства

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  • Lissitsa, Aleksej
  • Babiéceva, Tamara
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    Abstract

    Анализ оболочки данных (DEA) – это относительно новая методика измерения технической эффективности. Если сформулировать техническую эффективность определенного объекта (Decision Making Unit – DMU), как coотношение произведенных товаров и услуг (output) к использованным ресурсам (input), то возникает вопрос, как можно сравнить между собой различные производственные объекты (DMU) относительно их эффективности. Особенно трудно это сравнение для тех объектов или же DMU, для которых не существует рыночных цен и которые представленны в различных единицах и в различных шкалах, что ведет к невозможности аггрегации ни издержек ни конечной продукции. Это особенно важно для анализа предприятий в процессе трансформации в новые экономические условия. DEA – это метод, базирующийся на линейном программировании для определения относительной эффективности посредством различных, реализованных предприятием, продуктов. В этом выпуске Disscusion Paper представлены для русско-язычного читателя основные принципы DEA, а также несколько ee дальнейших разработок. -- E N G L I S H V E R S I O N: The Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is a relatively new method to measure Technical Efficiency (TE). TE of a Decision Making Unit (DMU) is defined as a ratio of the produced goods and services (Outputs) to the used resources (Inputs). Efficiency comparison become more complicated when market values of the Inputs and Outputs are not available and the figures are expressed in the different measurement units. So, aggregation of the figures into cost or revenue groups become impossible. Such efficiency analysis is especially important for the enterprises in the transformation process. In DEA the Linear Programming (LP) is used to determine relative efficiency of the analysed enterprises. The basic principles of the DEA are introduced in this Disscusion Paper for the Russian-language reader as well as some further developments are pursued.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO) in its series IAMO Discussion Papers with number 50.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:50

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    Keywords: Эффективность; продуктивность; Анализ Оболочки Данных; Efficiency; Produktivity; Data Envelopment Analysis;

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