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Getreideproduktion in der Ukraine: eine komparative Analyse von Produktionskosten

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  • Einex, Christian
  • Lissitsa, Alexej
  • Parkhomenko, Sergiy
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    Abstract

    In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird der Versuch unternommen, den Entwicklungsstand und die Wirtschaftlichkeit des wichtigsten Betriebszweigs vieler landwirtschaftlicher Unternehmen in der Ukraine, der Getreideproduktion, zu analysieren. Als methodisches Instrumentarium werden dabei die einzelbetriebliche Analyse sowie der horizontale Betriebsvergleich eingesetzt. Während die Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse in etablierten Marktwirtschaften ein traditionelles Konzept der Betriebsanalyse darstellt, liegen für das Agribusiness der Ukraine bislang nur sehr wenige Anwendungen vor. Zum großen Teil ist es mit der Nichtverfügbarkeit bzw. Unglaubwürdigkeit von einzelnbetrieblichen Daten verbunden. Insofern ist das Ziel der Arbeit, ein klassisches betriebswirtschaftliches Verfahren im Agrarsektor eines Transfor-mationslandes auf der Mikroebene einzusetzen. Die erzielten Ergebnisse zeigen, dass angesichts der Höhe der Produktionskosten bei einer faktorbezogenen Betrachtung keine größeren Unterschiede zwischen erfolgreichen und weniger erfolgreichen Betrieben feststellen lassen. Somit wird die These gestützt, dass die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der Getreideproduktion in der Ukraine nicht nur durch niedrige Kosten bestimmt wird. Vielmehr muss die Unternehmensführung auf die Erzielung hoher Erträge ausgerichtet werden. Dabei muss ein konsequentes Kostenmanagement verfolgt werden, um in der Zukunft die Standortvorteile ukrainischer Großbetriebe besser auszunutzen und die Leistungsfähigkeit der Getreideproduktion ausschöpfen zu können. -- E N G L I S H V E R S I O N: The following Discussion Paper aims to analyse the development path and profitability of grain production in Ukraine, which is one of the most important production branches of most Ukrainian agricultural companies. Methodologically, individual farm analysis and horizontal farm comparison are used. The cost benefit analysis has been widely used for farm analysis of the agricultural sector in market economies. However, only few applications could be observed in agribusiness research in Ukraine in the last years, presumably because of missing or unreliable data. Thus, the goal of this paper is to apply a standard farm management instrument for enterprise analyse in agriculture of a transition country. The results show small differences in production costs between successful and less successful enterprises. Therefore, the assumption that competitiveness of grain production in Ukraine is dependent not only on low production costs could be proved. In fact, the management should concentrate more on achieving higher yields by implementing suitable farm strategies. At the same time Ukrainian grain producers should reduce the farm production costs in order to achieve efficient allocation of resources and advantages of location as well as to realise its huge potential in grain production.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO) in its series IAMO Discussion Papers with number 79.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:14892

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    Related research

    Keywords: Grain market; costs of production; transition; Ukraine; Getreidemarkt; Produktionskosten; Transformationsprozess; Ukraine;

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    References

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    1. Goertz, Dieter, 1999. "Produktionskosten der Milcherzeugung in Deutschland," Arbeitsberichte aus der vTI-Agrarökonomie 03/1999, Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries.
    2. Csaki, C. & Lerman, Z., 1997. "Land Reform in Ukraine: The First Five Years," World Bank - Discussion Papers, World Bank 371, World Bank.
    3. Osborne, Stefan & Trueblood, Michael A., 2002. "Agricultural Productivity And Efficiency In Russia And Ukraine: Building On A Decade Of Reform," Agricultural Economics Reports, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service 33937, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
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    Cited by:
    1. Levkovych, Inna, 2011. "Der ukrainische Außenhandel mit Produkten der Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft: Eine quantitative Analyse aus Sicht traditioneller und neuer Außenhandelstheorien," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Central and Eastern Europe, Leib­niz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO), volume 59, number 109520.

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