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Unobserved firm heterogeneity and the size-exports nexus : evidence from German panel data

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  • Wagner, Joachim

Abstract

This paper starts from the stylized fact that firm size and exporting tends to be positively related. Using large sets of establishment panel data for three different industries from official statistics evidence is presented that the familiar picture of an export/sales ratio that ceteris paribus increases (at a decreasing rate) with firm size vanishes if unobserved firm heterogeneity is controlled for in a fixed effects fractional logit regression model. This finding is well in line with the fact that many small firms are 'hidden export champions'. -- Das Papier geht von dem stilisierten Faktum aus, dass Unternehmensgröße und Exportorientierung positiv miteinander zusammenhängen. Auf der Grundlage eines umfangreichen Betriebsdatensatzes der amtlichen Statistik für drei Zweige des Verarbeitenden Gewerbes wird dieser Zusammenhang in einem fraktionalen logit Regressionsmodell mit fixed effects näher untersucht. Dabei verschwindet das gewohnte Bild einer degressiv mit der Betriebsgröße steigenden Exportquote, wenn die unbeobachtete Heterogenität der Betriebe kontrolliert wird. Dies Ergebnis stimmt gut mit der Tatsache überein, dass viele kleinere Firmen als "hidden export champions" anzusehen sind.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) in its series HWWA Discussion Papers with number 194.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26250

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Web page: http://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/20
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Keywords: Exports; firm size; establishment panel data; fractional logit regression;

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  1. Alan S. Blinder, 1990. "Learning by Asking Those Who Are Doing," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 16(4), pages 297-306, Oct-Dec.
  2. Leslie E. Papke & Jeffrey M. Wooldridge, 1993. "Econometric Methods for Fractional Response Variables with an Application to 401(k) Plan Participation Rates," NBER Technical Working Papers 0147, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Alessandro Sterlacchini, 2001. "The determinants of export performance: A firm-level study of Italian manufacturing," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 137(3), pages 450-472, September.
  4. Joseph Hilbe, 1993. "Generalized linear models," Stata Technical Bulletin, StataCorp LP, vol. 2(11).
  5. Hirsch, Seev & Adar, Zvi, 1974. "Firm size and export performance," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 2(7), pages 41-46, July.
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