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Warum gehen die Leute in die Fußballstadien? Eine empirische Analyse der Fußball-Bundesliga


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  • Rottmann, Horst
  • Seitz, Franz


Wir analysieren die Determinanten der Zuschauernachfrage in der Fußballbundesliga in den Saisonen 2001/02 bis 2004/05, d.h. für insgesamt 1224 Spiele. Dafür spezifizieren wir ein ökonometrisches Modell, das die begrenzte Kapazität der Stadien und Heteroskedastizität berücksichtigt. Es stellt sich heraus, dass alle fünf von Borland und Macdonald (2003) herausgearbeiteten Faktoren in spezifischen Ausprägungen für die deutsche Bundesliga relevant sind. Bei diesen Faktoren handelt es sich um die Präferenzen der Zuschauer, ökonomische Faktoren in Form von Opportunitätskosten, die qualitativen Bedingungen am Spielort und Spieltag, die Unsicherheit über den Ausgang der Meisterschaft und die Größe des Stadions in Form einer Kapazitätsbeschränkung. Dabei sind auch deutliche Nicht-Linearitäten festzustellen. -- We analyze the determinants of match attendance in the German premier football league (Fußballbundesliga) in the seasons 2001/02 to 2004/05, i.e. for 1,224 matches. For that purpose, we specify an econometric model which takes the capacity constraint of each stadium and heteroskedasticity into account. Our results reveal that variables of all five categories of factors influencing the demand for sport mentioned by Borland und Macdonald (2003) are relevant in our context. These are the preferences of the fans, economic factors which capture opportunity costs, the quality of viewing, the sporting contest in the form of uncertainty about the winner of the championship and the supply capacity. We also find significant non-linearities.

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Paper provided by University of Applied Sciences Amberg-Weiden (OTH) in its series OTH im Dialog: Weidener Diskussionspapiere with number 1.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:hawdps:1

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Keywords: Zuschauernachfrage; Bundesliga; censored regression; Fußball;

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  1. Jaume Garcia & Plácido Rodríguez, 2001. "The determinants of football match attendance revisited: Empirical evidence from the Spanish Football League," Economics Working Papers 555, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  2. Jeffery Borland, 2003. "Demand for Sport," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(4), pages 478-502, Winter.
  3. Dobson,Stephen & Goddard,John, 2011. "The Economics of Football," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521517140.
  4. Falter, J.-M. & Perignon, C., 2000. "Demand for Football and Intra-Match Winning Probability: an Essay on the Glorious Uncertainty of Sports," Research Papers by the Institute of Economics and Econometrics, Geneva School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva, Institut d'Economie et Econométrie, Université de Genève 2000.15, Institut d'Economie et Econométrie, Université de Genève.
  5. Peter J. Sloane, 2000. "The Regulation of Professional Team Sports," IASE Conference Papers, International Association of Sports Economists 0003, International Association of Sports Economists.
  6. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Stadtmann, Georg, 1999. "Uncertainty of outcome versus reputation: empirical evidence for the First German Football Division," ZEW Discussion Papers 99-46, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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