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Changing identity: Retiring from unemployment

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Author Info

  • Hetschko, Clemens
  • Knabe, Andreas
  • Schöb, Ronnie

Abstract

Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel from 1984-2009, we follow persons from their working life into their retirement years and find that, on average, employed people maintain their life satisfaction upon retirement, while long-term unemployed people report a substantial increase in their life satisfaction when they retire. These results are robust to controlling for changes in other life circumstances and suggest that retiring is associated with a switch in the relevant social norms that causes an increase in identity utility for the formerly unemployed. This is supportive of the idea that, by including identity in the utility function, results from the empirical life satisfaction literature can be reconciled with the economic theory of individual utility. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 2011/11.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:fubsbe:201111

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Keywords: life satisfaction; retirement; unemployment; identity; social norm;

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References

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  1. Michael Shields & Stephen Wheatley Price & Mark Wooden, 2009. "Life satisfaction and the economic and social characteristics of neighbourhoods," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 421-443, April.
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  5. Andrew Clark & Andreas Knabe & Steffen Rätzel, 2008. "Boon or Bane? Others' Unemployment, Well-being and Job Insecurity," CESifo Working Paper Series 2501, CESifo Group Munich.
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  16. Andreas Knabe & Steffen Rätzel, 2008. "Scarring or Scaring? The Psychological Impact of Past Unemployment and Future Unemployment Risk," CESifo Working Paper Series 2457, CESifo Group Munich.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Filges, Trine & Larsen, Mona & Pedersen, Peder J., 2012. "Retirement: Does Individual Unemployment Matter? Evidence from Danish Panel Data 1980–2009," IZA Discussion Papers 6538, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Rackow, Katja & Schupp, Jürgen & Scheve, Christian von, 2012. "Angst und Ärger: Zur Relevanz emotionaler Dimensionen sozialer Ungleichheit," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 392-409.
  3. Ronnie Schöb, 2013. "Unemployment and Identity," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 59(1), pages 149-180, March.
  4. Clemens Hetschko & Andreas Knabe & Ronnie Schöb, 2014. "Looking Back in Anger? Retirement and Unemployment Scarring," CESifo Working Paper Series 4784, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00925542 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Andrew E. Clark & Conchita D´Ambrosio & Simone Ghislandi, 2014. "Adaptation to Poverty in Long-Run Panel Data," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 634, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).

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