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Geringverdiener: wem und wie gelingt der Aufstieg?

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  • Schank, Thorsten
  • Schnabel, Claus
  • Stephani, Jens

Abstract

Using representative linked employer-employee data of the German Federal Employment Agency, this paper analyzes to which extent full-time employees who earned low wages (less than two-thirds of the median wage) in 1998/99 were able to earn higher wages in the following years, and which factors played a role in this context. It is shown that just one out of eight of these low-wage earners was able to earn wages above the low wage threshold in 2005. While younger and better qualified low-wage earners record a higher probability of getting higher wages, women are less successful. In addition, this probability shows a significant relationship with the size and the employment structure of the establish-ment. Moving from one establishment to another is an important instrument for leaving low-wage employment. -- Mit repräsentativen verbundenen Arbeitgeber-Arbeitnehmer-Daten der Bundesagentur für Arbeit wird untersucht, inwieweit Personen, die in den Jahren 1998/99 vollzeitbeschäftigte Geringverdiener mit weniger als zwei Dritteln des Medianlohns waren, in den folgenden Jahren den Aufstieg aus dem Niedrig-lohnsektor schafften und welche Faktoren hierbei eine Rolle spielten. Es zeigt sich, dass nur gut jeder Achte der ursprünglichen Geringverdiener im Jahr 2005 einen Lohn oberhalb der Geringverdienerschwelle erreichen konnte. Während jüngere und besser ausgebildete Geringverdiener eine deutlich höhere Aufstiegswahr-scheinlichkeit aufweisen, schaffen Frauen seltener den Aufstieg. Auch die Größe und Beschäftigtenstruktur des Betriebes stehen in einem signifikanten Zusammenhang mit der Aufstiegswahrscheinlichkeit. Ein wichtiges Instrument für das Verlassen von Niedriglohntätigkeiten stellt der Wechsel des Betriebes dar.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 57.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:57

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Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/
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Keywords: Geringverdiener; Niedriglohnsektor; Aufstiegsmobilität;

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References

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  1. Bartel, Ann P & Lichtenberg, Frank R, 1987. "The Comparative Advantage of Educated Workers in Implementing New Technology," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(1), pages 1-11, February.
  2. Achatz, Juliane & Gartner, Hermann & Glück, Timea, 2004. "Bonus oder Bias? Mechanismen geschlechtsspezifischer Entlohnung," IAB Discussion Paper 200402, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  3. Raferzeder, Thomas & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 2004. "Who is on the Rise in Austria: Wage Mobility and Mobility Risk," IZA Discussion Papers 1329, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Johannes Gernandt & Friedhelm Pfeiffer, 2007. "Rising Wage Inequality in Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 14, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
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  6. Bernd Görzig & Martin Gornig & Axel Werwatz, 2004. "Ostdeutschland: strukturelle Niedriglohnregion?," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 71(44), pages 685-691.
  7. Arne Uhlendorff, 2006. "From No Pay to Low Pay and Back Again?: A Multi-State Model of Low Pay Dynamics," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 648, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  8. Karl Brenke, 2006. "Wachsender Niedriglohnsektor in Deutschland: sind Mindestlöhne sinnvoll?," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 73(15/16), pages 197-206.
  9. Hans-Werner Sinn & Wolfgang Meister & Wolfgang Ochel & Martin Werding, 2007. "Reformkonzepte zur Erhöhung der Beschäftigung im Niedriglohnbereich: Ein Überblick," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(04), pages 03-20, 02.
  10. Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf & Zweimuller, Josef, 1997. "Unequal Assignment and Unequal Promotion in Job Ladders," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(1), pages 43-71, January.
  11. Cappellari, Lorenzo, 2002. " Do the 'Working Poor' Stay Poor? An Analysis of Low Pay Transitions in Italy," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 64(2), pages 87-110, May.
  12. Lorenzo Cappellari, 1999. "Low-Wage Mobility in the Italian Labour Market," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 531, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  13. Thomas Cornelissen & Uwe Jirjahn & Georgi Tsertsvadze, 2008. "Parental Background and Earnings: German Evidence on Direct and Indirect Relationship," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 228(5+6), pages 554-572, December.
  14. Bolvig, Iben, 2004. "Within- and between-firm mobility in the low-wage labour market," Working Papers 04-11, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Grün, Carola & Mahringer, Helmut & Rhein, Thomas, 2011. "Low-wage jobs: a means for employment integration of the unemployed? : evidence from administrative data in Germany and Austria," IAB Discussion Paper 201101, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  2. Mosthaf, Alexander & Schank, Thorsten & Schnabel, Claus, 2009. "Low-Wage Employment versus Unemployment: Which One Provides Better Prospects for Women?," IZA Discussion Papers 4611, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Mosthaf, Alexander & Schnabel, Claus & Stephani, Jens, 2010. "Low-wage careers: are there dead-end firms and dead-end jobs?," IWQW Discussion Paper Series 01/2010, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institut für Wirtschaftspolitik und Quantitative Wirtschaftsforschung (IWQW).
  4. Andreas Knabe & Alexander Plum, 2012. "Low-Wage Jobs – Springboard to High-Paid Ones?," CEIS Research Paper 246, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 26 Jul 2012.
  5. Stephani, Jens, 2013. "Does it matter where you work? : employer characteristics and the wage growth of low-wage workers and higher-wage workers," IAB Discussion Paper 201304, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  6. Koller, Lena, 2011. "Lohnmobilität alleinstehender SGB-II-Leistungsempfänger," IAB Discussion Paper 201105, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  7. Mosthaf, Alexander, 2011. "Low-wage jobs - stepping stones or just bad signals?," IAB Discussion Paper 201111, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  8. Stephani, Jens, 2012. "Wage growth and career patterns of German low-wage workers," IAB Discussion Paper 201201, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  9. Daniel D. Schnitzlein & Jens Stephani, 2013. "Locus of Control and Low-Wage Mobility," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 589, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).

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