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Bildungsstagnation bei abnehmender Erwerbsbevölkerung : Bildungspolitische Herausforderungen durch Geringqualifizierte

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  • Schnabel, Claus
  • List, Juliane

Abstract

Obwohl in einer alternden und schrumpfenden Gesellschaft die Ausbildung des Erwerbspersonenpotenzials immer wichtiger wird, scheint der Bildungsfortschritt in Deutschland in den letzten Jahren zu stagnieren: Der Qualifikationsvorsprung Deutschlands im Vergleich zu anderen OECD-Ländern ist geschrumpft, die Anteile junger Erwachsener mit niedrigen Qualifikationen weisen leicht steigende Tendenz auf, und Studien wie PISA identifizieren deutliche Schwächen deutscher Schüler. Das angesichts des demographischen und technischen Wandels gebotene Mindestziel, die nachfolgenden Generationen mindestens gleich gut oder besser auszubilden als ihre Vorgänger, wird zumindest im Bereich der Niedrigqualifizierten hierzulande nicht erreicht. Erforderlich sind deshalb Maßnahmen, die die Effektivität und Effizienz des Bildungssystems sowie die Bildungsbeteiligung (insbesondere von Zuwanderern) erhöhen. Dabei sollte bereits die vorschulische Bildung intensiviert werden, und Lernschwache sollten in Schule und Berufsausbildung gezielte Förderangebote bekommen. -- Although in an aging and shrinking society the education of the workforce becomes more and more important, in recent years the educational progress in Germany shows signs of stagnation: Germany?s qualification advantage compared to other OECD countries has fallen, the shares of young adults with low qualifications have slightly risen, and studies such as PISA have identified substantial deficits of German pupils. In view of demographic and technical change, the minimum goal should be to qualify the following generations at least as good as or better than their predecessors, but concerning the lowqualified this goal is not reached in Germany. Measures should be implemented which increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the educational system as well as the participation in higher education (in particular of immigrants). In doing so, pre-school education should be intensified, and low performers should get special offers at school and in vocational training.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 26.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:26

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Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/
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Related research

Keywords: Geringqualifizierte; Bildungspolitik; Demographischer Wandel;

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Cited by:
  1. Hoffmann, Sarah, 2010. "Schulabbrecher in Deutschland - eine bildungsstatistische Analyse mit aggregierten und Individualdaten," Discussion Papers 71, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.

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