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Wachstum durch das Nadelöhr begrenzter Budgets

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  • Klein, Rolf
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    Abstract

    Untersucht wird das Zusammenspiel von Angebot und Nachfrage im Rahmen von Wachstumsprozessen. Es wird gezeigt, dass auch unter klassischen, auf dem Tausch basierenden Annahmen die Wirtschaftsentwicklung durch die Nachfrage maßgeblich beeinflusst wird. Wachstum setzt die Bereitschaft der Wirtschaftsteilnehmer voraus, die Zusammensetzung ihrer Budgets zu verändern. Jedes zusätzliche Angebot muss durch das Nadelöhr der bestehenden Budgets. Ohne eine Änderung der Präferenzen der zahlungskräftigen Nachfrager ist Wachstum nicht möglich. Erfindungen, gesellschaftliche Veränderungen, neue Moden oder auch geänderte Vorschriften können die Integration zusätzlicher Angebote erleichtern. Die Veränderungsbereitschaft bzw. -resistenz der Nachfrager bietet sich damit als ein erklärendes Element für die Entwicklung von Volkswirtschaften an, die ihr Produktionspotential nicht ausschöpfen. Veränderungen der Nachfragestruktur können die Wirtschaft wachsen oder schrumpfen lassen. Steigerungen der Nachfrage, die aus breit gestreuten und damit am Ende kompensierten Einsparungen bestritten werden - nämlich in Form eines neuen Matchings der Tauschbeziehungen - erzeugen Wachstum. Umgekehrt bewirken auf bestimmte Angebote konzentrierte Einsparungen, die zu diffus verteilten Ausgaben des Ersparten führen, Schrumpfung. Um einzuschätzen, ob Änderungen der staatlichen bzw. staatlich beeinflussten Nachfrage, ob technische Innovationen, gesellschaftliche Veränderungen oder Lohnänderungen Wachstum fördern, ist zu fragen, ob per Saldo die Integration zusätzlicher Angebote in die Budgets gefördert wird. Entscheidungen des Staates, ob als Fiskus oder als Normsetzer, können die Struktur der Nachfrage und damit die Wirtschaftsentwicklung beeinflussen, strategisch oder auch absichtslos. -- Growth through the bottleneck of limited budgets: The interplay between supply and demand in the context of growth processes is examined. It is demonstrated that economic development is also significantly influenced by demand under classic, exchange-based hypotheses. Growth assumes that economic operators are willing to change the composition of their budgets. Any additional product must pass through the confines of an existing budget. Growth is not possible without a change in the preferences of solvent buyers. Factors like inventions, changes in society, new fashions or amended regulations can facilitate the integration of additional products. The willingness or resistance to change of potential buyers is thus a possible element in explaining the development of economies that do not fully utilize their production potential. Changes in the structure of demand can cause an economy to grow or shrink. Increases in demand funded by broadly spread savings that are ultimately recompensed – i.e. in form of a new matching of exchange relationships – create growth. Conversely, savings concentrated on certain products that lead to money saved being spent diffusely result in negative growth. In order to assess whether changes in state or state-influenced demand, technical innovations, shifts in society or wage adjustments are conducive to growth, the question has to be asked whether the integration of additional products into the budget is ultimately being encouraged. Government decisions, whether as a fiscal body or setter of standards, can influence the structure of demand and hence economic developments, strategically or unintentionally.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by ZBW - German National Library of Economics in its series EconStor Research Reports with number 54763.

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    Date of creation: Nov 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:esrepo:54763

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    Keywords: Wirtschaftswachstum; Nachfrage; Nachfragestruktur; neoklassisch; Budgetrestriktion; Fiskalpolitik; Wachstumspolitik; technischer Fortschritt;

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    1. Miguel A. León-Ledesma & A. P. Thirlwall, 1998. "The Endogeneity of the Natural Rate of Growth," Studies in Economics, Department of Economics, University of Kent 9821, Department of Economics, University of Kent.
    2. Nikolaus Läufer, 2009. "Mikro- und makroökonomische Effekte der Abwrackprämie," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer, Springer, vol. 89(6), pages 410-418, June.
    3. Felderer, Bernhard & Homburg, Stefan, 2005. "Makroökonomik und neue Makroökonomik," EconStor Books, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, number 92556, October.
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