Latvian foreign trade and investment with Germany and Russia: past and present
AbstractThis paper examines Latvia's foreign trade and investment relations with Germany and Russia during the interwar period and the period after the restoration of independence up to now. During the period between the two world wars Latvia's foreign trade was completely integrated into the European trade systems at that time. One of Latvia's main trading partners was Germany, whilst trade with Russia (USSR) was minimal. The reorientation of Latvian trade to the West after regaining independence in 1991 meant the reestablishment of links with Germany, as well as the maintenance of links to Russia. In comparison to the pre-war period, Latvia's foreign trade is no longer dominated by Germany, whilst trade with Russia is at a much higher level than in the interwar period. Trade with Germany in 2008 made up 11.1% of Latvia's total trade while trade with Russia accounted for 10.5%.The structure of trade has also changed particularly in relation to Germany and to a lesser degree with Russia. Pre-war Latvia's exports to Germany were mainly agricultural and forestry products; today they consist of manufactured goods and forestry products. Exports to Russia in the interwar period were mainly manufactured goods, but today exports consist of manufactured goods as well as food processing products. In terms of investments, pre-war investment from Russia (USSR) in Latvia was negligible, whilst the largest investor in Latvia was Germany. In 2008 Germany was the 10th largest investor in Latvia (3.6%), whilst Russia was on the 7th position (5.6%). Thus, whilst the role of Germany in terms of trade had decreased substantially since the interwar period Russia's role has increased both in terms of trade and investment. --
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Europa-Kolleg Hamburg, Institute for European Integration in its series Discussion Papers with number 4/10.
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Latvia; Germany; Russia; Interwar period; foreign trade; investment; post-independence;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Capital; Investment; Capacity
- F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
- F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
- F53 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations
- N70 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - General, International, or Comparative
You can help add them by filling out this form.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.