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Mehr Markt im Hochschulbereich: Zur Effizienz und Gerechtigkeit von Studiengebühren

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  • Schmidtchen, Dieter
  • Kirstein, Roland

Abstract

Ein Universitätssystem verfolgt zwei Ziele: Effizienz und Gerechtigkeit. Effizienz verlangt nach Studiengebühren, die das Netto-Gemeinwohl maximieren. Diese Gemeinwohlvorteile haben zwei Ausprägungen: Wertschöpfungsvorteile und allgemeine gesellschaftliche Vorteile (Kultur- und Sozialisationsnutzen). Gerechtigkeit verlangt nach Chancengleichheit beim Hochschulzugang. Man kann vermuten, daß ein freier Markt im Hochschulbereich beide Ziele nicht verwirklicht. Deshalb ist eine staatliche Subventionierung von Universitäten notwendig. Der Artikel zeigt, daß sich das Effizienz- und das Gerechtigkeitsziel verwirklichen lassen, wenn Studiengebühren eingeführt werden. Der Staat muß aber die Möglichkeit einer Darlehensfinanzierung (unabhängig von der Einkommens- und Vermögenslage der Studenten oder der Eltern) garantieren. -- A university system has both efficiency and equity objectives. Efficiency requires the adoption of a tuition fee system that maximizes net social benefits. These benefits take two main forms: production benefits and a more diffuse range of benefits to society in general. The equity objective requires the establishment of equality of access. There is reason for believing that a free market system will not achieve either of these objectives. Thus, some form of state intervention in higher education is necessary. The paper shows that both efficiency and equity can be enhanced by the implementation of a tuition fee system supported by student loans.

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Paper provided by Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics in its series CSLE Discussion Paper Series with number 2005-01.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:csledp:200501

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