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Ausländische Direktinvestitionen in Irland: Eine theoriegestützte Analyse

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  • Köller, Mareike
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    Abstract

    In Irland konnte man in den letzten 20 Jahren einen hohen Zufluss von Direktinvestitionen beobachten. Der vorliegende Beitrag versucht, dies mit Hilfe einiger Direktinvestitionsmodelle zu erklären. Auf der Grundlage der Direktinvestitionstheorien und der daraus ermittelten standortspezifischen Determinanten wird eine differenzierte Betrachtung der Direktinvestitionszuflüsse vorgenommen. Die Standard-Modelle und die darin verwendeten Standortfaktoren horizontaler und vertikaler Direktinvestitionen können die hohen Direktinvestitionszuflüsse Irlands jedoch nicht hinreichend begründen. Die Einbeziehung der regionalen Integration durch Exportplattform-Modelle sowie die neue ökonomische Geographie ermöglichen es dagegen, dass der Großteil der Direktinvestitionen in Irland als Exportplattform- Direktinvestitionen deklariert werden kann. Die Daten über die Direktinvestitionsflüsse und die ausländischen Firmen in Irland unterstützen die Ergebnisse der Theorien. In the last 20 years Ireland attracted high FDI-inflows, which are to be explained. Based on wellknown theoretical models, some host country determinants for different modes of FDI are analysed. But the standard models for vertical and horizontal foreign direct investments can not sufficiently explain the high inflowsto Ireland, thus another explanation has to be found. The inclusion of aspects of regional integration (membership of the EU) changes both the theoretically derived host country determinants as well as the real determinants in Ireland. It is shown, that the export-platform-models and the new economic geography can explain FDI-inflows from third countries and from other EU member states to Ireland. Data on FDI-inflows and Multinational Enterprises support the indentified conclusions. --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Goettingen, Department of Economics in its series Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers with number 58.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:cegedp:58

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    Web page: http://www.cege.wiso.uni-goettingen.de/
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    Related research

    Keywords: ausländische Direkinvestitionen; EU-Integration; Irland; Standortfaktoren;

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    1. Robert E. Lipsey, 2002. "Home and Host Country Effects of FDI," NBER Working Papers 9293, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Krugman, Paul & Venables, Anthony J., 1995. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," Working Paper Series 430, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    3. José Pedro Pontes, 2001. "Location of foreign direct investment in a regional integration area," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 18(5), pages 1-9.
    4. Rosanne Altshuler & T. Scott Newlon & Harry Grubert, 2002. "Has U.S. Investment Abroad Become More Sensitive to Tax Rates?," Departmental Working Papers 199806, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
    5. Karolina Ekholm & Rikard Forslid & James R. Markusen, 2007. "Export-Platform Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 5(4), pages 776-795, 06.
    6. Carlo Altomonte, 2004. "Regional economic integration and the location of multinational enterprises," KITeS Working Papers 152, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Jan 2004.
    7. S. Lael Brainard, 1993. "A Simple Theory of Multinational Corporations and Trade with a Trade-Off Between Proximity and Concentration," NBER Working Papers 4269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Stephen Pavelin & Frank Barry, 2005. "The Single Market and the Geographical Diversification of Leading Firms in the EU," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 36(1), pages 1–17.
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