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Zeitarbeit in Deutschland: Trends und Perspektiven

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  • Burda, Michael C.
  • Kvasnicka, Michael

Abstract

Die Zeitarbeit bietet sowohl hochregulierten als auch unregulierten Arbeitsmärkten ein zusätzliches Mittel zur betriebswirtschaftlichen Anpassung der Arbeitsnachfrage. Auch eröffnet sie für Berufsanfänger und vormalig Beschäftigte einen Weg in den Arbeitsmarkt. Der vorliegende Aufsatz analysiert die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung, die wechselnden gesetzlichen Rahmenbedingungen und die ökonomische Entwicklung der Zeitarbeit am deutschen Arbeitsmarkt. Hohe Aufschläge für Zeitarbeitseinsätze trotz fallender relativer Entlohnung für Zeitarbeitnehmer deuten auf einen erheblichen Schattenpreis für diese Arbeitsform hin. Eine hohe Beschäftigungsfluktuation widerspricht dem kleinen Umfang des deutschen Zeitarbeitssektors, der aufgrund der niedrigen Zugangsquoten wohl eher auf das Angebot als die Nachfrage nach Zeitarbeitskräften zurückzuführen ist. Trotz der zunehmenden Bedeutung der Zeitarbeit wird die wissenschaftliche Forschung durch eine unzulängliche Datenverfügbarkeit in diesem Sektor erheblich erschwert. -- Temporary help services (THS) represent an important means of adjusting labor demand in both regulated and unregulated environments. THS can also pave the way to new employment for both labor market entrants and job losers. This survey examines the economic significance, the changing regulatory framework, and the recent development of the THS sector in Germany. High markups charged by THS firms despite declining relative compensation of THS workers suggests a high shadow price for this form of labor input. Worker turnover in THS is remarkably high, while inflows are modest, suggesting that the supply rather than demand for flexible work is responsible for the sector?s overall modest size. Despite its growing importance, further progress in understanding the THS sector remains hampered by inadequate data availability.

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Paper provided by Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Center for Applied Statistics and Economics (CASE) in its series Papers with number 2004,36.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:caseps:200436

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  1. David H. Autor, 2001. "Why Do Temporary Help Firms Provide Free General Skills Training?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 116(4), pages 1409-1448, November.
  2. Michael R. Darby & John C. Haltiwanger & Mark W. Plant, 1985. "Unemployment-Rate Dynamics and Persistent Unemployment Under Rational Expectations," NBER Working Papers 1558, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Kvasnicka, Michael & Werwatz, Axel, 2002. "On the wages of temporary help service workers in Germany," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 2002,70, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
  4. David H. Autor & Susan Houseman, 2005. "Do Temporary Help Jobs Improve Labor Market Outcomes for Low-Skilled Workers? Evidence from 'Work First'," NBER Working Papers 11743, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Peter R. Mueser & Carolyn J. Heinrich & Kenneth Troske, 2003. "Welfare to Temporary Work: Implications for Labor Market Outcomes," Working Papers, Department of Economics, University of Missouri 0308, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
  6. Michael Kvasnicka, 2005. "Does Temporary Agency Work Provide a Stepping Stone to Regular Employment?," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2005-031, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  7. Kluve, Jochen & Lehmann, Hartmut & Schmidt, Christoph M., 1999. "Active Labor Market Policies in Poland: Human Capital Enhancement, Stigmatization or Benefit Churning," IZA Discussion Papers 30, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. David H. Autor, 2003. "Outsourcing at Will: The Contribution of Unjust Dismissal Doctrine to the Growth of Employment Outsourcing," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 1-42, January.
  9. Elke J. Jahn & Wolfgang Ochel, 2005. "Contracting Out Temporary Help Services in Germany," CESifo Working Paper Series 1580, CESifo Group Munich.
  10. Michael Kvasnicka, 2003. "Inside the Black Box of Temporary Help Agencies," Labor and Demography, EconWPA 0311001, EconWPA.
  11. Michael Kvasnicka & Axel Werwatz, 2002. "Lohneffekte der Zeitarbeit," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 69(49), pages 847-854.
  12. Susan N. Houseman & Arne L. Kalleberg & George A. Erickcek, 2003. "The role of temporary agency employment in tight labor markets," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 57(1), pages 105-127, October.
  13. Walter Y. Oi, 1962. "Labor as a Quasi-Fixed Factor," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 538.
  14. Boockmann, Bernhard & Hagen, Tobias, 2001. "The use of flexible working contracts in West Germany: evidence from an establishment panel," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-33, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  15. Michael Kvasnicka & Axel Werwatz, 2003. "Arbeitsbedingungen und Perspektiven von Zeitarbeitern," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 70(46), pages 717-725.
  16. Mas-Colell, Andreu & Whinston, Michael D. & Green, Jerry R., 1995. "Microeconomic Theory," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780195102680, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Michael Kvasnicka, 2009. "Does Temporary Help Work Provide a Stepping Stone to Regular Employment?," NBER Chapters, in: Studies of Labor Market Intermediation, pages 335-372 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Burda, Michael C. & Hunt, Jennifer, 2011. "What Explains the German Labor Market Miracle in the Great Recession?," IZA Discussion Papers 5800, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Michael Kvasnicka, 2005. "Does Temporary Agency Work Provide a Stepping Stone to Regular Employment?," Labor and Demography, EconWPA 0510005, EconWPA.
  4. Jochen Späth, 2013. "Non-standard Employment, Working Time Arrangements, Establishment Entry and Exit," IAW Discussion Papers, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW) 98, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  5. Bernhard, Sarah & Hohmeyer, Katrin & Jozwiak, Eva & Koch, Susanne & Kruppe, Thomas & Stephan, Gesine & Wolff, Joachim, 2008. "Aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland und ihre Wirkungen," IAB-Forschungsbericht, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] 200802, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  6. Kai Daniel Schmid & Ulrike Stein, 2013. "Explaining Rising Income Inequality in Germany, 1991-2010," IMK Studies 32-2013, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  7. Oberst, Mathias & Schank, Thorsten & Schnabel, Claus, 2006. "Interne Arbeitsmärkte und Einsatz temporärer Arbeitsverhältnisse : Eine Fallstudie mit Daten eines deutschen Dienstleistungsunternehmens," Discussion Papers 46, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  8. Michael Schlese, 2012. "Wie viele Leiharbeitskräfte gibt es?: Zur Vergleichbarkeit der Fallzahlen bei Leiharbeit zwischen SOEP und ANÜSTAT," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 486, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  9. Brehmer, Wolfram & Seifert, Hartmut, 2008. "Sind atypische Beschäftigungsverhältnisse prekär? : eine empirische Analyse sozialer Risiken (Are atypical employment relationships precarious? : an empirical analysis of social risks)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 41(4), pages 501-531.
  10. Elke J. Jahn & Jan Bentzen, 2012. "What Drives the Demand for Temporary Agency Workers?," LABOUR, CEIS, CEIS, vol. 26(3), pages 341-355, 09.
  11. Jahn, Elke J. & Pozzoli, Dario, 2013. "The pay gap of temporary agency workers — Does the temp sector experience pay off?," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 48-57.

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