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Intersectoral Labour Reallocation and Employment Volatility: A Bayesian Analysis using a VAR-GARCH-M model

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  • Gianluigi Pelloni
  • Wolfgang Polasek

Abstract

Based on the macroeconomic VAR model for total employment and sectoral employment shares developed by Campbell and Kuttner (1996) we extend the model to a multivariate ARCH in mean (ARCH- M) model. We investigate the question of whether volatile growth in sectoral employment shares has an impact on total employment. The estimation method we use is the Gibbs-Metropolis algorithm for a Bayesian vector ARCH (B-VAR) model. This model is a standard tool in Financial econometrics and was developed by Engle (1986). The Bayesian estimation gives an exact small sample solution. It is found that a model incorporating a GARCH-M structure performs better than a simple VAR. Moreover sectoral shocks can account for more than 60% of the variance of total employment growth within a VAR-GARCH-M framework.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of York in its series Discussion Papers with number 99/4.

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Handle: RePEc:yor:yorken:99/4

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  1. Abraham, Katharine G. & Katz, Lawrence F., 1986. "Cyclical Unemployment: Sectoral Shifts or Aggregate Disturbances?," Scholarly Articles 3442781, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  2. Peter C.B. Phillips, 1990. "To Criticize the Critics: An Objective Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Trends," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 950, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
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  7. Jeffrey R. Campbell & Jonas D.M. Fisher, 1996. "Aggregate Employment Fluctuations with Microeconomic Asymmetries," NBER Working Papers 5767, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Long, John B, Jr & Plosser, Charles I, 1987. "Sectoral vs. Aggregate Shocks in the Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(2), pages 333-36, May.
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  18. Bollerslev, Tim & Chou, Ray Y. & Kroner, Kenneth F., 1992. "ARCH modeling in finance : A review of the theory and empirical evidence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1-2), pages 5-59.
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  21. Loungani, Prakash & Rush, Mark & Tave, William, 1990. "Stock market dispersion and unemployment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 367-388, June.
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Cited by:
  1. T. Panagiotidis & G. Pelloni & W. Polasek, 2003. "Macroeconomic Effects of Reallocation Shocks: A Generalised Impulse Reponse Function Analysis for Three European Countries," Working Papers 505, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  2. repec:wop:ubisop:0004 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. repec:wop:ubisop:0003 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. G. Gallipoli & G. Pelloni, 2013. "Macroeconomic Effects of Job Reallocations: A Survey," Working Papers wp897, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  5. Maixé-Altés, J. Carles & Iglesias, Emma M., 2009. "Domestic monetary transfers and the inland bill of exchange markets in Spain (1775-1885)," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 496-521, April.
  6. Pelloni, Gianluigi & Panagiotidis, Theodore, 2003. "Macroeconomic Effects of Reallocation Shock: A Generalished Impulse Response Function Analysis for Three European Countries," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 18, pages 794-816.
  7. Theodore Panagiotidis & Gianluigi Pelloni, 2014. "Asymmetry and Lilien’s Sectoral Shifts Hypothesis: A Quantile Regression Approach," Working Paper Series 15_14, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  8. Gianluigi Pelloni & Wolfgang Polasek, 2003. "Macroeconomic Effects of Sectoral Shocks in Germany, The U.K. and, The U.S.: A VAR-GARCH-M Approach," Computational Economics, Society for Computational Economics, vol. 21(1_2), pages 65-85, 02.

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