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Intersectoral Labour Reallocation and Employment Volatility: A Bayesian Analysis using a VAR-GARCH-M model

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  • Gianluigi Pelloni
  • Wolfgang Polasek

Abstract

Based on the macroeconomic VAR model for total employment and sectoral employment shares developed by Campbell and Kuttner (1996) we extend the model to a multivariate ARCH in mean (ARCH- M) model. We investigate the question of whether volatile growth in sectoral employment shares has an impact on total employment. The estimation method we use is the Gibbs-Metropolis algorithm for a Bayesian vector ARCH (B-VAR) model. This model is a standard tool in Financial econometrics and was developed by Engle (1986). The Bayesian estimation gives an exact small sample solution. It is found that a model incorporating a GARCH-M structure performs better than a simple VAR. Moreover sectoral shocks can account for more than 60% of the variance of total employment growth within a VAR-GARCH-M framework.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of York in its series Discussion Papers with number 99/4.

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Handle: RePEc:yor:yorken:99/4

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  1. Brainard, S Lael & Cutler, David M, 1993. "Sectoral Shifts and Cyclical Unemployment Reconsidered," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 108(1), pages 219-43, February.
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  16. Neumann, George R & Topel, Robert H, 1991. "Employment Risk, Diversification, and Unemployment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(4), pages 1341-65, November.
  17. Chib, Siddhartha, 1993. "Bayes regression with autoregressive errors : A Gibbs sampling approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 58(3), pages 275-294, August.
  18. Long, John B, Jr & Plosser, Charles I, 1987. "Sectoral vs. Aggregate Shocks in the Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(2), pages 333-36, May.
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  21. Loungani, Prakash & Rogerson, Richard, 1989. "Cyclical fluctuations and sectoral reallocation : Evidence from the PSID," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 259-273, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Theodore Panagiotidisa & Gianluigi Pellonib & Wolfgang Polasekc, 2003. "Macroeconomic Effects of Reallocation Shocks:A generalised impulse response function analysis for three European countries," Economics and Finance Discussion Papers 03-06, Economics and Finance Section, School of Social Sciences, Brunel University.
  2. Theodore Panagiotidis & Gianluigi Pelloni, 2014. "Asymmetry and Lilien’s Sectoral Shifts Hypothesis: A Quantile Regression Approach," Working Paper Series 15_14, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  3. Giovanni Gallipoli & Gianluigi Pelloni, 2013. "Macroeconomic Effects of Job Reallocations: A Survey," Working Paper Series 37_13, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  4. Gianluigi Pelloni & Wolfgang Polasek, 2003. "Macroeconomic Effects of Sectoral Shocks in Germany, The U.K. and, The U.S. A VAR-GARCH-M Approach," Computational Economics, Society for Computational Economics, vol. 21(1), pages 65-85, February.
  5. repec:wop:ubisop:0003 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. repec:wop:ubisop:0004 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Giovanni Gallipoli & Gianluigi Pelloni, 2008. "Aggregate Shocks vs Reallocation Shocks: an Appraisal of the Applied Literature," Working Paper Series 27-08, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, revised Jan 2008.
  8. Maixé-Altés, J. Carles & Iglesias, Emma M., 2009. "Domestic monetary transfers and the inland bill of exchange markets in Spain (1775-1885)," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 496-521, April.

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