The Political Economy of FEMA: Did Reorganization Matter?
AbstractThis paper investigates the political economy of FEMA’s post-9/11 merger with the Department of Homeland Security. Using panel data for the post-DHS merger but pre-Katrina period, we examine how FEMA’s much-debated reorganization has impacted the strong political influences on disaster declaration and relief spending identified by Garrett and Sobel (2003) before FEMA’s reorganization. We find that although politically-important states for the president continue to have a higher rate of disaster declaration, disaster expenditures are no longer higher in states with congressional representation on FEMA oversight committees. These results suggest reorganization has reduced political pressures within FEMA. Tullock’s theory of bureaucracy helps to explain this change.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, West Virginia University in its series Working Papers with number 09-10.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://www.be.wvu.edu/phd_economics/
More information through EDIRC
bureaucracy; congressional oversight; Department of Homeland Security; Federal Emergency Management Agency.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D7 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
- H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-12-19 (All new papers)
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