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Are Net FDI Flows and Reversals of Capital Flows a Result of Output Growth?

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  • Gilad Aharonovitz
  • James Miller

    ()
    (School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University)

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    Abstract

    Literature notes many factors as affecting capital flows, but the effects of these flows over the recipient economies and the overall effect over growth are highly debatable. This study claims that although capital flows may be required for the increase in output, other forces are causing this growth and creating the demand for capital. We construct a model in which growth requires both training of managers by firms in order to expand, representing the absorption capacity of the firms, and capital for the firms’ expansion. The model shows that in early stages of development, when output is low, capital inflows are increasing with an increase in the output, but are not the cause for the output growth. However, when output is higher, an increase in the output is associated with financial outflows, since the local savings are increasing by more than the local demand for capital. We test this relationship in a large sample of countries, and manage to explain half of the variations in net FDI flows per capita using the stage of development.

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    File URL: http://faculty.ses.wsu.edu/WorkingPapers/Aharonovitz/WP2009-05_A-M-NetFDIFlows.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2008
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University in its series Working Papers with number 2009-05.

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    Length: 36 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:wsu:wpaper:aharonovitz-2

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    Keywords: capital flows; reversals; FDI; economic development; firms; growth; on-the-job training;

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