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EU Enlargement and Satisfaction with Democracy: A Peculiar Case of Immizerising Growth

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  • Barbara Dluhosch
  • Daniel Horgos
  • Klaus W. Zimmermann

Abstract

Studies on EU enlargement mostly focus on its welfare-economic and much less so on its public-choice dimension. Yet, the latter may be as important as the former when it comes to sustain integration. This paper aims at filling the gap by exploring theoretically and empirically how enlargement of multi-level systems like the EU affects satisfaction with democracy (SWD) and voter turnout (PART). In order to assess the effects of a widening in membership, we present a novel approach that draws on the probability of being outvoted. We find that, given the institutional arrangement, enlargement tends to depress SWD. Our theoretical results are backed by empirical evidence in German Eurobarometer data displaying a tendency towards a decline in SWD that shows up in a significant fall in PART with growth in EU-membership.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FIW in its series FIW Working Paper series with number 115.

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Length: 37
Date of creation: Apr 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wsr:wpaper:y:2013:i:115

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Keywords: European Union; Enlargement; Multi-level Systems; Democracy; Regime Satisfaction;

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  1. André Blais & François Gélineau, 2007. "Winning, Losing and Satisfaction with Democracy," Political Studies, Political Studies Association, vol. 55, pages 425-441, 06.
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  3. Petra Böhnke, 2008. "Does Society Matter? Life Satisfaction in the Enlarged Europe," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 87(2), pages 189-210, June.
  4. Bjørnskov, Christian & Dreher, Axel & Fischer, Justina AV, 2008. "Formal Institutions and Subjective Well-Being: Revisiting the Cross-Country Evidence," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 699, Stockholm School of Economics.
  5. Rose-Ackerman, Susan, 1981. "Does Federalism Matter? Political Choice in a Federal Republic," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(1), pages 152-65, February.
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  7. Katharina Holzinger & Andrea Schneider & Klaus Zimmermann, 2011. "Minimizing the losers: regime satisfaction in multi-level systems," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 22(4), pages 303-324, December.
  8. Klaus Zimmermann, Tobias Just, 2001. "The Euro and Political Credibility in Germany," Challenge, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 44(5), pages 102-120, September.
  9. Wallace E. Oates, 1999. "An Essay on Fiscal Federalism," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(3), pages 1120-1149, September.
  10. Alexander F. Wagner & Mathias Dufour & Friedrich Schneider, 2003. "Satisfaction not Guaranteed - Institutions and Satisfaction with Democracy in Western Europe," CESifo Working Paper Series 910, CESifo Group Munich.
  11. Anthony Downs, 1957. "An Economic Theory of Political Action in a Democracy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65, pages 135.
  12. Piret Ehin, 2008. "Competing Models of EU Legitimacy: the Test of Popular Expectations," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46, pages 619-640, 06.
  13. Gail Pacheco & Thomas Lange, 2010. "Political participation and life satisfaction: a cross-European analysis," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(9), pages 686-702, September.
  14. Gal Ariely & Eldad Davidov, 2011. "Can we Rate Public Support for Democracy in a Comparable Way? Cross-National Equivalence of Democratic Attitudes in the World Value Survey," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 104(2), pages 271-286, November.
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