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Fiscal Policy and Entrepreneurship

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  • Katsuya Takii

    (Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University)

Abstract

This paper reexamines the effect of expansionary fiscal policy on real GDP in the presence of entrepreneurship, which is defined as firms' activities to predict and adapt to changes in consumers' tastes. As government expenditure cannot reflect changes in consumers' tastes, it weakens the social role of the firms' ability to process local information for predicting the changes. Hence, government expenditure cannot perfectly substitute for private consumption. It is shown that expansionary fiscal policy can lower real GDP when idiosyncratic risk and the substitutability of goods are large, and when firms have a strong ability to predict changes in consumer tastes. In addition, this paper shows that expansionary fiscal policy discourages firms from investing in activities that aid prediction in the short run. However, expansionary fiscal policy does not influence investment in prediction ability in the long run.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 0406006.

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Date of creation: 06 Jun 2004
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Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0406006

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  1. Katsuya Takii, 2003. "Prediction Ability," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 6(1), pages 80-98, January.
  2. Rosen Sherwin, 1997. "Austrian and Neoclassical Economics: Any Gains From Trade?," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 133, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  3. Katsuya Takii, 2004. "Entrepreneurial Efficiency," Macroeconomics 0406007, EconWPA.
  4. Katsuya Takii, 2011. "Entrepreneurial Efficiency: Theory," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 62(2), pages 196-214, 06.
  5. V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1998. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy," Staff Report 251, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  6. Schmitz, James A, Jr, 1989. "Imitation, Entrepreneurship, and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(3), pages 721-39, June.
  7. BĂ©nassy, Jean-pascal, 1997. "On the optimality of activist policies with a less informed government," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9722, CEPREMAP.
  8. Kihlstrom, Richard E & Laffont, Jean-Jacques, 1979. "A General Equilibrium Entrepreneurial Theory of Firm Formation Based on Risk Aversion," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(4), pages 719-48, August.
  9. Silvestre, Joaquim, 1993. "The Market-Power Foundations of Macroeconomic Policy," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 31(1), pages 105-41, March.
  10. Philippe Aghion & Peter Howitt, 1990. "A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction," NBER Working Papers 3223, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Alan J. Auerbach, 2002. "Is there a role for discretionary fiscal policy?," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 109-150.
  12. Holmes, Thomas J & Schmitz, James A, Jr, 1990. "A Theory of Entrepreneurship and Its Application to the Study of Business Transfers," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(2), pages 265-94, April.
  13. Startz, Richard, 1989. "Monopolistic Competition as a Foundation for Keynesian Macroeconomic Models," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 104(4), pages 737-52, November.
  14. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction," Scholarly Articles 12490578, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  15. Thomas N. Hubbard, 2003. "Information, Decisions, and Productivity: On-Board Computers and Capacity Utilization in Trucking," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1328-1353, September.
  16. Davis, Steven J. & Haltiwanger, John, 1999. "Gross job flows," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 41, pages 2711-2805 Elsevier.
  17. Katsuya Takii, 2004. "The Value of Adaptability," Industrial Organization 0406004, EconWPA.
  18. Israel M. Kirzner, 1997. "Entrepreneurial Discovery and the Competitive Market Process: An Austrian Approach," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(1), pages 60-85, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Katsuya Takii, 2007. "The Persistence of Differences in Productivity, Wages, Skill Mixes and Profits Between Firms," OSIPP Discussion Paper 07E002, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University.
  2. Masaru Sasaki & Katsuya Takii & Junmin Wan, 2012. "Horizontal Transfer and Promotion: New Evidence and an Interpretation from the Perspective of Task-Specific Human Capital," OSIPP Discussion Paper 12E006, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University.
  3. Katsuya Takii, 2008. "Entrepreneurial Competition and Its Impact on the Aggregate Economy," OSIPP Discussion Paper 08E010, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University.

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