Marginal Tax Rates and the Tax Reform of 1986: the Long-run Effect on the U.S. Wealth Distribution
AbstractI investigate the effects of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 on the U.S. wealth distribution in a model in which heterogeneous agents face idiosyncratic labor income risk and hold only one asset. The model's stochastic process for earnings is consistent with estimates from panel data. I calibrate the model to match the U.S. wealth distribution and the progressive U.S. income tax structure in 1984. Then, using the same earnings process, I compute the equilibrium with the post-reform income tax structure of 1989. The reform increases the after-tax return to savings more for wealthy households than for wealth-poor households. As a result, I find that the tax reform can account for all of the increase in wealth inequality observed in the data.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 0209002.
Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 10 Sep 2002
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Inequality Tax-Reform Wealth-Distribution;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
- E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
- E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
- C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-09-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-DGE-2002-09-21 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
- NEP-PUB-2002-09-21 (Public Finance)
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