A numerical approach to fiscal policy, unemployment, and growth in Europe
AbstractWe calibrate an infinite-horizon model with endogenous growth and unemployment on actual data from the largest countries in the European Union. Two types of balanced-budget fiscal policy experiments are studied. First, the effects of separately changing the tax rates on capital, labor and subsidies, as well as the replacement rates, are analyzed, assuming offsetting changes in lump-sum transfers. Second, we rule out offsetting transfers and study how effective is the cut in labor taxes when financed either raising capital taxation or reducing unemployment subsidies. We find two main results: (i) with lump-sum transfers, reducing labor taxes and unemployment subsidies is beneficial to both employment and growth, while cutting capital taxes is less beneficial; (ii) without transfers, cutting labor taxes is more effective when financed by a (modest) cut in unemployment subsidies rather than by a (sizable) increase in capital taxes. Sensitivity analysis shows that our results are robust to changes in a vast range of parameter values.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 0004010.
Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: 31 May 2000
Date of revision:
Note: Type of Document - Acrobat PDF; prepared on IBM PC; to print on A4; pages: 45; figures: included. Zip file containing separated pdf files for body, tables, and figures
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Fiscal Policy; Taxation; Europe; Unemployment; Growth; Numerical Simulation; Trade Union;
Other versions of this item:
- Francesco Daveri & Marco Maffezzoli, . "A numerical approach to fiscal policy, unemployment and growth in Europe," Working Papers 155, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
- E13 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Neoclassical
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
- E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
- J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
- O41 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2001-02-14 (All new papers)
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