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Economic Implications of an Ageing Australia

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  • Productivity Commission
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    Abstract

    The commissioned study into the ageing of Australia’s population was released April 2005. The Commission found that one quarter of Australians will be aged 65 years or more by 2044-45, roughly double the present proportion. This gives rise to significant policy challenges. The Commission maintains that policy responses would have to be broad and at all levels of government. Policy measures will be needed to reduce the fiscal pressure from ageing and/or to finance the fiscal gap. Reforms would be needed in key human service areas, such as health and aged care, where the pressures of an ageing population will impact most. The resulting fall in labour force participation would also need to be addressed. The Commission shows that raising labour force participation and productivity can partly offset the impacts of an ageing population. These would enhance income growth, helping to sustain economic growth and living standards, and increase the capacity to ‘pay’ for the costs of ageing, as well as through taxation.

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    File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/lab/papers/0506/0506001.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Labor and Demography with number 0506001.

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    Length: 470 pages
    Date of creation: 06 Jun 2005
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:0506001

    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 470
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    Web page: http://128.118.178.162

    Related research

    Keywords: ageing; health; aged care; labour force; labour supply; economic growth; policy measures; productivity; demographic trends;

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    Cited by:
    1. Garry Barrett & Yi-Ping Tseng, 2007. "Retirement Saving in Australia," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 177, McMaster University.
    2. Andrew D. Colegrave, 2006. "Why Study at a Mature Age? An Analysis of the Private Returns to Universtity Education in Australia," Economics Discussion / Working Papers 06-11, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
    3. Hielke Buddelmeyer & John Freebairn & Guyonne Kalb, 2006. "Evaluation of Policy Options to Encourage Welfare to Work," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 39(3), pages 273-292, 09.
    4. Giuseppe Carone, 2005. "Long-term labour force projections for the 25 EU Member States: A set of data for assessing the economic impact of ageing," European Economy - Economic Papers 235, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    5. Prosser, Brenton & Clark, Shannon & Davey, Rachel & Parker, Rhian, 2013. "Developing a public health policy-research nexus: An evaluation of Nurse Practitioner models in aged care," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 55-63.
    6. Joe Hirschberg & Jenny Lye, 2013. "Gambling with Stimulus Payments: Feeding Gaming Machines with Federal Dollars," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 1166, The University of Melbourne.
    7. John Creedy & Ross Guest, 2007. "Changes in the Taxation of Superannuation:Macroeconomic and Welfare Effects," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 986, The University of Melbourne.
    8. Creedy, John & Guest, Ross, 2008. "Changes in the taxation of private pensions: Macroeconomic and welfare effects," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 693-712.
    9. Creedy, John & Guest, Ross, 2008. "Population ageing and intertemporal consumption: Representative agent versus social planner," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 485-498, May.
    10. Rebecca Cassells & Ann Harding & Simon Kelly, 2006. "Problems and Prospects for Dynamic Microsimulation: A review and lessons for APPSIM," NATSEM Working Paper Series 63, University of Canberra, National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling.
    11. Kudrna, George & Woodland, Alan, 2011. "An inter-temporal general equilibrium analysis of the Australian age pension means test," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 61-79, March.

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