Effects of Business Cycles on Labour Market Assimilation of Immigrants
AbstractThis study addresses the effects of macroeconomic conditions on the labour market outcomes of immigrants. It simultaneously identifies the separate effects of macro conditions at the time of entry to the labour market and at the time of the survey, while allowing for cohort effects. Also, for the first time in literature the impacts on labour force participation along with employment outcomes are explored. The study uses 19 annual cross-sections of the Survey of Consumer Finances covering the period 1979 to 1997. The results suggest that the deterioration in the assimilation of recent immigrants is partly due to the adverse economic conditions they face in the year they enter the labour market and subsequently. Macroeconomic conditions at the time of labour market entry have adverse impacts on both labour force participation and employment. With the inclusion of controls for macro conditions, the significance and magnitude of the coefficient measuring assimilation increases. Therefore, not only the estimated cohort effects bur also the assimilation profiles are sensitive to the inclusion of controls for business cycles.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series Labor and Demography with number 0309009.
Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: 24 Sep 2003
Date of revision:
Note: Type of Document - Acrobat PDF; prepared on IBM PC ; to print on HP; pages: 42; figures: included
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Immigration; business cycle; cohort effects; economic assimilation; labour force participation; employment;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
- J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Philip M. Bodman & Mark Crosby, 2000.
"Phases of the Canadian business cycle,"
Canadian Journal of Economics,
Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(3), pages 618-633, August.
- James Ted McDonald & Christopher Worswick, 1997. "Unemployment Incidence of Immigrant Men in Canada," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 23(4), pages 353-373, December.
- James Ted McDonald & Christopher Worswick, 1998. "The Earnings of immigrant men in Canada: Job tenure, cohort, and macroeconomic conditions," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 51(3), pages 465-482, April.
- Picot, Garnett & Sweetman, Arthur, 2005. "The Deteriorating Economic Welfare of Immigrants and Possible Causes: Update 2005," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2005262e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
- Girard, Magali & Smith, Michael, 2009. "Working In a Regulated Occupation in Canada: An Immigrant - Native-Born Comparison," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2009-53, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 24 Oct 2009.
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