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Capacity Markets for Electricity

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Author Info

  • Anna Creti

    (University of Toulouse, IDEI & CEA)

  • Natalia Fabra

    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)

Abstract

The creation of electricity markets has raised the fundamental question as to whether markets provide the right incentives for the provision of the reserves needed to maintain system reliability, or whether some form of regulation is needed. In some states in the US, electricity retailers have been made responsible for providing such reserves by contracting capacity in excess of their forecasted peak demand. The so-called Installed Capacity Markets (ICAP) provide one means for contracting reserves, and are the subject of this paper. In particular, for given productive and transmission capacities, we identify firms' opportunity costs of committing resources in the capacity market, and hence, the costs of inducing full capacity commitment. Regulatory issues such as the optimal choice of the reserve margin and the capacity deficiency rate (which serves as a price-cap) are analyzed. From a welfare view- point, we also compare the desirability of providing reserves either through capacity markets or through the demand side (i.e. power curtailments).

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/io/papers/0309/0309002.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Industrial Organization with number 0309002.

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Date of creation: 16 Sep 2003
Date of revision: 26 Nov 2003
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpio:0309002

Note: Type of Document - Tex; prepared on IBM PC ; to print on HP;
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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

Related research

Keywords: Electricity markets; capacity markets; regulation;

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References

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  1. Severin Borenstein & Stephen P. Holland, 2003. "On the Efficiency of Competitive Electricity Markets With Time-Invariant Retail Prices," NBER Working Papers 9922, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Rosellon, Juan & Tregear, Juan & Zenon, Eric, 2010. "El modelo HRV para expansión óptima de redes de transmisión: una aplicación a la red eléctrica de Ontario
    [The HRV Model for the Optimal Expansion of Transmission Networks: an Application to t
    ," MPRA Paper 26471, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. SANIN, Maria Eugenia, 2006. "Market design in wholesale electricity markets," CORE Discussion Papers 2006100, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. Richter, Jan, 2011. "A Unique Competitive Equilibrium on Interdependent Spot Electricity and Reserve Capacity Markets," EWI Working Papers 2011-9, Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln.
  4. SMEERS, Yves, 2005. "How well can one measure market power in restructured electricity systems ?," CORE Discussion Papers 2005050, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  5. Finon, Dominique, 2006. "Incentives to invest in liberalised electricity industries in the North and South. Differences in the need for suitable institutional arrangements," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 601-618, March.
  6. Malaguzzi Valeri, Laura, 2006. "Comparison of Electricity Deregulation around the World and Implications for Ireland," Quarterly Economic Commentary: Special Articles, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), vol. 2006(3-Autumn), pages 38-63.
  7. Rosellon, Juan, 2007. "An incentive mechanism for electricity transmission expansion in Mexico," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 3003-3014, May.

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