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Evaluating the Hedging Potential of the Lean Hog Futures Contract

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Author Info

  • Mark W. Ditsch

    (Consolidated Grain & Barge Company)

  • Raymond M. Leuthold

    (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

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    Abstract

    The lean hog futures contract is replacing the live hog futures contract at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange beginning with the February 1997 contract. The lean hog futures will be cash settled based on a broad-based lean hog price index, eliminating terminal markets from the price discovery process. Using this index over a twenty-month period as a proxy for the lean hog futures price, this paper compares the hedging effectiveness of the live hog futures contract to the hedging potential of the lean hog futures contract for cash live hogs as well as four cash meat cuts. Frozen pork bellies futures are also examined for the cash meats. Both long-term and short-term hedges are simulated, using the minimum-variance approach, which utilizes only unconditional information, and the Myers-Thompson approach that incorporates conditional information. The results show that the lean hog futures should perform better than either the live hog or the frozen pork bellies futures as a hedging instrument for Omaha cash hogs and cash loins. The strongest evidence of this is for the short-term hedging of cash hogs. For the other three meats, no futures contract demonstrated a clear hedging advantage.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Finance with number 9609003.

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    Length: 23 pages
    Date of creation: 23 Sep 1996
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpfi:9609003

    Note: Type of Document - Word Perfect 6.1; prepared on PC; to print on HP Laser Jet 4; pages: 23. Office for Futures and Options Research (OFOR) at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Working Paper 96-03. For a complete list of OFOR working papers see
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    Related research

    Keywords: lean hog futures contract; hedging;

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    References

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    1. Hayenga, Marvin L. & Jiang, B. & Kweon, J. H. & Lence, Sergio H., 1994. "Cross Hedging Wholesale Beef and Pork Products," Staff General Research Papers 11399, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    2. Hayenga, Marvin L. & DiPietre, Dennis D., 1982. "Cross-Hedging Wholesale Pork Products Using Live Hog Futures," Staff General Research Papers 11305, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:
    1. Guo, Zhibo & White, Ben & Mugera, Amin, 2013. "Hedge Effectiveness for Western Australia Crops," 2013 Conference (57th), February 5-8, 2013, Sydney, Australia 152154, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    2. Lien, Donald & Tse, Yiu Kuen, 2006. "A survey on physical delivery versus cash settlement in futures contracts," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 15-29.
    3. Sanders, Dwight R. & Greer, Tracy D., 2002. "Hedging Spot Corn: An Examination Of The Minneapolis Grain Exchange'S Cash Settled Corn Contract," 2002 Conference, April 22-23, 2002, St. Louis, Missouri 19064, NCR-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk Management.
    4. Wang, Qizhi & Chidmi, Benaissa, 2009. "Cotton Price Risk Management across Different Countries," 2009 Annual Meeting, January 31-February 3, 2009, Atlanta, Georgia 46762, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    5. Christian Dunis & Pierre Lequeux, 2000. "Intraday data and hedging efficiency in interest spread trading," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(4), pages 332-352.

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