Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Multiple-Output Production With Undesirable Outputs: An Application to Nitrogen Surplus in Agriculture


Author Info

  • Carmen Fernandez

    (University of St.Andrews)

  • Gary Koop

    (University of Glasgow)

  • Mark F.J. Steel

    (University of Kent at Canterbury)


Many production processes yield both good outputs and undesirable ones (e.g. pollutants). In this paper, we develop a generalization of a stochastic frontier model which is appropriate for such technologies. We discuss efficiency analysis and, in particular, define technical and environmental efficiency in the context of our model. Methods for carrying out Bayesian inference are developed and applied to a panel data set of Dutch dairy farms, where excess nitrogen production constitutes an important environmental problem.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL:
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Econometrics with number 0201001.

as in new window
Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 06 Jan 2002
Date of revision: 06 Jan 2002
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpem:0201001

Note: Type of Document - Tex (plain); prepared on IBM PC - PC-TEX; to print on HP/PostScript (A4); pages: 27 ; figures: included. Forthcoming in Journal of the American Statistical Association (Applications and Case Studies)
Contact details of provider:
Web page:

Related research

Keywords: Dairy farm; Efficiency; Environment; Longitudinal data; Stochastic frontier;

Other versions of this item:

Find related papers by JEL classification:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.


Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
This item has more than 25 citations. To prevent cluttering this page, these citations are listed on a separate page.


This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


Access and download statistics


When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpem:0201001. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (EconWPA).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.