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Pobreza, Deforestación y Pérdida de la Biodiversidad en

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Author Info

  • Ludger J. Loening

    (Instituto Ibero-Americano de Investigaciones Económicas, Universidad de Goettingen)

  • Michael Markussen

    (Instituto de Geografía, Universidad de Goettingen)

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    Abstract

    This paper explores the causes of deforestation and biodiversity loss in Guatemala and is organized into 4 parts. First, an overview about deforestation in Guatemala from 1950-2000 is provided, and the relationship between deforestation and biodiversity loss is explored. Secondly, some underlying causes of deforestation are examined. While caution is needed about many conventional hypotheses, there are strong reasons to believe that higher rural wages generated by greater off-farm employment opportunities reduce deforestation. Thirdly, an empirical analysis indicates that agricultural activities in rural areas remain closely tied to deforestation because of the virtual absence of non- environmental assets of the poor. And finally, some doubts are placed on the excessive establishment of Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDPs) within the countryside. In particular, the paper concludes that for the case of Guatemala strengthening the rural non- farm sector and human capital formation should be regarded as a key elements of a development strategy that tries to combine biodiversity conservation within a framework of sustainable economic growth and poverty alleviation.

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    File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/dev/papers/0301/0301001.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Development and Comp Systems with number 0301001.

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    Length: 43 pages
    Date of creation: 11 Jan 2003
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:0301001

    Note: Type of Document - Acrobat PDF; prepared on IBM PC ; to print on HP; pages: 43; figures: included
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    Web page: http://128.118.178.162

    Related research

    Keywords: Biodiversity; Deforestation; Econometrics; Education; Integrated Conservation and Development Projects; Poverty; Rural Non- farm Employment; Guatemala; biodiversidad; deforestación; econometría; educación; áreas protegidas; pobreza; empleo rural no agrícola;

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Elizabeth G. Katz, 2000. "Social Capital and Natural Capital: A Comparative Analysis of Land Tenure and Natural Resource Management in Guatemala," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 76(1), pages 114-132.
    2. Barrett, Christopher B. & Arcese, Peter, 1995. "Are Integrated Conservation-Development Projects (ICDPs) Sustainable? On the conservation of large mammals in sub-Saharan Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(7), pages 1073-1084, July.
    3. Gibson, Clark C. & Marks, Stuart A., 1995. "Transforming rural hunters into conservationists: An assessment of community-based wildlife management programs in Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 941-957, June.
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