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Micro and Macro Determinants of Public Support for Market Reforms in Eastern Europe

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Author Info

  • Bernd Hayo

    (ZEI University of Bonn)

Abstract

This paper looks at public support for the creation of a market economy in Eastern Europe. As a data base, the Central and Eastern Eurobarometers surveys are employed, covering up to 21 countries over a time period of 1990-96 and totalling more than 100000 observations on individuals. The development of support for market reforms is analysed over time and countries. Moreover, in a number of panel regressions, individual and macroeconomic determinants of support for reforms are studied. Apart from the influence of individual characteristics (age, gender, education, income), the only significant and robust aggregate effect is that those countries that are able to keep inflation low get more support for market reforms. Small government budget deficits may also help to strengthen support. Differences in employment, GDP per capita, openness, private sector share and microeconomic transition progress do not show robust effects on people's attitudes towards the creation of a market economy.

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/dev/papers/0004/0004002.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Development and Comp Systems with number 0004002.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 17 May 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:0004002

Note: Type of Document - pdf; to print on acrobat reader; pages: 31; figures: included
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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

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Keywords: Economic Reforms; Eastern Europe; Public Support; Transformation;

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References

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  1. John Williamson, 1994. "The Political Economy of Policy Reform," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 68, July.
  2. Shleifer, Andrei, 1997. "Government in transition," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 385-410, April.
  3. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
  4. Di Tella, R. & MacCulloch, R.J.: Oswald, A.J., 1997. "The Macroeconomics of Happiness," Papers, Centre for Economic Performance & Institute of Economics 19, Centre for Economic Performance & Institute of Economics.
  5. Yavlinsky Grigory & Braguinsky Serguey, 1994. "The Inefficiency of Laissez-Faire in Russia: Hysteresis Effects and the Need for Policy-Led Transformation," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 88-116, August.
  6. Jan Rutkowski, 1996. "High skills pay off: the changing wage structure during economic transition in Poland," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 4(1), pages 89-112, 05.
  7. Robert J. Shiller & Maxim Boycko & Vladimir Korobov, 1990. "Popular Attitudes Towards Free Markets: The Soviet Union and the United States Compared," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University 952, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
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Cited by:
  1. Migheli, Matteo, 2009. "The two sides of a ghost: Twenty years without the wall," POLIS Working Papers, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS 125, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS.
  2. Hayo, Bernd & Seifert, Wolfgang, 2003. "Subjective economic well-being in Eastern Europe," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 329-348, June.
  3. Migheli Matteo, 2009. "Supporting the Free and Competitive Market in China and India: Differences and Evolution Over Time," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers, University of Turin 200904, University of Turin.
  4. Migheli, Matteo, 2010. "Do the Vietnamese support Doi Moi?," POLIS Working Papers, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS 151, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS.

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