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Spanish exports and logistics needs. A spatial marked point pattern approach

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  • Laura M√°rquez-Ramos
  • Luisa Alam√°-Sabater

Abstract

This paper aims to analyse whether the existing logistic platforms network in Spain is covering the Spanish transport demand by using a spatial marked point pattern analysis (Baddeley, 2008). In particular, we use the demand of transport to export goods as a proxy of the demand of logistics infrastructure in Spain. Then, we obtain data of trade flows between Spanish regions (NUTS level 2), as well as data of exports from every Spanish region to European Union members in the year 2000 and 2007. We also obtain data about the different logistics platforms existing in Spain. We incorporate transportation network structure in spatial econometric models of commodity flows (LeSage and Polasek, 2008) and we also consider those variables traditionally included in gravity models (Deardorff, 1995), such as income and population, as extra information that the points have (marks) and which represents an “attribute” of the point. Obtained results should provide evidence about the location of the logistics platforms (land, maritime and intermodal) required in order to satisfy optimally the existing demand of transport infrastructure. References • Alamá-Sabater, L., Artal-Tur, A. and Navarro-Azorín, J.M. (forthcoming), “Industrial location, spatial discrete choice models and the need to account for neighborhood effects,” The Annals of Regional Research. • Baddeley, A. (2008), “Analysing spatial point patterns in R”, CSIRO and University of Western Australia. http://www.csiro.au/resources/Spatial-Point-Patterns-in-R.html • Deardorff, A. V. (1995), “Determinants of bilateral trade: Does gravity work in a Neo-classical word?”, NBER Working Paper 5377. • LeSage, J.P., and Polasek, W. (2008) 'Incorporating Transportation Network Structure in Spatial Econometric Models of Commodity Flows,' Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 3(2), pages 225-245. • James P. LeSage and R. Kelley Pace, 2008. 'Spatial Econometric Modeling Of Origin-Destination Flows,' Journal of Regional Science, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(5), pages 941-967.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa10p1475.

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Date of creation: Sep 2011
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa10p1475

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  1. Alan Deardorff, 1998. "Determinants of Bilateral Trade: Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?," NBER Chapters, in: The Regionalization of the World Economy, pages 7-32 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Bergstrand, Jeffrey H, 1985. "The Gravity Equation in International Trade: Some Microeconomic Foundations and Empirical Evidence," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(3), pages 474-81, August.
  3. Bergstrand, Jeffrey H, 1989. "The Generalized Gravity Equation, Monopolistic Competition, and the Factor-Proportions Theory in International Trade," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(1), pages 143-53, February.
  4. James Paul Lesage & Wolfgang Polasek, 2008. "Incorporating Transportation Network Structure in Spatial Econometric Models of Commodity Flows," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(2), pages 225-245.
  5. LeSage, James P., 1997. "Regression Analysis of Spatial Data," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 27(2).
  6. Kelejian, Harry H & Prucha, Ingmar R, 1999. "A Generalized Moments Estimator for the Autoregressive Parameter in a Spatial Model," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 40(2), pages 509-33, May.
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