Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Exponential or power distance-decay for commuting? An alternative specification

Contents:

Author Info

  • Jacob J. De Vries

    ()

  • Peter Nijkamp

    ()

  • Piet Rietveld

    ()

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the form of the distance-decay function for commuting, on the basis of an analysis of home-to-work relationships between municipalities in Denmark. The equation for the number of commuters is taken from Alonso’s Theory of Movements, in which the Spatial Interaction Models of Wilson’s Family are nested. Our estimation method separates the decay function F from the balancing factors, and includes a weighting procedure that takes specification error and heteroscedasticity into account. It appears that neither an exponential nor a power distance-decay function fits the data well. The specification of log F as a (downwards) logistic function of log cost results in a better fit. We find that the cost elasticity reaches a value of –4 for distances around 24 km, while it is close to for both very short and very long distances. Finally, we demonstrate that the choice of functional form for distance-decay can make an important difference for predictions concerning the effect of infrastructure improvements on commuting flows.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www-sre.wu-wien.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa05/papers/261.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa05p261.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: Aug 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa05p261

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Welthandelsplatz 1, 1020 Vienna, Austria
Web page: http://www.ersa.org

Related research

Keywords:

Other versions of this item:

Find related papers by JEL classification:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Johansson, Börje & Klaesson, Johan & Olsson, Michael, 2002. "On the non-linearity of the willingness to commute," ERSA conference papers ersa02p476, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Chang-i Hua, 1980. "An exploration of the nature and rationale of a systemic model," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 12(6), pages 713-726, June.
  3. A G Wilson, 1971. "A family of spatial interaction models, and associated developments," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 3(1), pages 1-32, January.
  4. Poot, Jacques, 1986. "A System Approach to Modelling the Inter-urban Exchange of Workers in New Zealand," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 33(3), pages 249-74, August.
  5. F J Cesario, 1974. "The interpretation and calculation of gravity model zone-to-zone adjustment factors," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 6(3), pages 247-257, March.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Matthias Duschl & Tobias Scholl & Thomas Brenner & Dennis Luxen & Falk Raschke, 2013. "Industry-specific firm growth and agglomeration," ERSA conference papers ersa13p134, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Matthias Duschl & Antje Schimke & Thomas Brenner & Dennis Luxen, 2011. "Firm Growth and the Spatial Impact of Geolocated External Factors – Empirical Evidence for German Manufacturing Firms," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2011-03, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
  3. Aura Reggiani & Pietro Bucci & Giovanni Russo, 2011. "Accessibility and Network Structures in the German Commuting," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 11(4), pages 621-641, December.
  4. Tobias Scholl & Thomas Brenner, 2013. "Detecting Spatial Clustering Using a Firm-Level Index," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2012-02, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
  5. Duschl, Matthias & Schimke, Antje & Brenner, Thomas & Luxen, Dennis, 2011. "Firm growth and the spatial impact of geolocated external factors: Empirical evidence for German manufacturing firms," Working Paper Series in Economics 36, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Department of Economics and Business Engineering.
  6. Katarzyna Kopczewska, 2011. "Roads as Channel of Centrifugal Policy Transfer. Spatial Interactions Model Revised," ERSA conference papers ersa11p720, European Regional Science Association.
  7. Floriana Gargiulo & Maxime Lenormand & Sylvie Huet & Omar Baqueiro Espinosa, 2012. "Commuting Network Models: Getting the Essentials," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 15(2), pages 6.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa05p261. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gunther Maier).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.