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The regional distribution of spanish unemployment. A spatial analysis

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  • Lopez-Bazo, Enrique

    ()

  • Del Barrio, Tomas

    ()

  • Artis, Manuel

    ()

Abstract

This paper proposes a set of tools to analyse the regional distribution of unemployment. As we are interested in the characteristics of the whole distribution, we complement results from the traditional regression analysis with those from the estimation of its external shape before and after being conditioned to factors underlying regional unemployment. Besides, the paper explicitly addresses the spatial characteristics of the distribution, and the empirical model build to determine the explanatory factors includes spatial effects. We apply this framework to the study of the provincial distribution of unemployment rates in Spain in the mid-eighties and late nineties, when economic transformations could have caused different regional responses. Results point to increasing spatial dependence in the distribution of regional unemployment rates, and a change in the factors causing regional differentials over the last decade.

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Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa02p020.

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Date of creation: Aug 2002
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa02p020

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  1. Burgess, Simon M. & Profit, Stefan, 1998. "Externalities in the matching of workers and firms in Britain," SFB 373 Discussion Papers, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes 1998,19, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
  2. White, Halbert, 1982. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Misspecified Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 1-25, January.
  3. Blanchard, Olivier & Jimeno, Juan F, 1995. "Structural Unemployment: Spain versus Portugal," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 85(2), pages 212-18, May.
  4. Overman, Henry G. & Puga, Diego, 1999. "Unemployment Clusters Across European Regions and Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2255, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. López-Bazo, Enrique & Del Barrio, Tomás & Artís, Manuel, 2000. "The Geographical Distribution Of Unemployment In Spain," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa00p220, European Regional Science Association.
  6. Juan J. Dolado & Juan F. Jimeno, . "The causes of Spanish unemployment: A structural VAR apporach," Working Papers 96-19, FEDEA.
  7. Bronars, Stephen G. & Jansen, Dennis W., 1987. "The geographic distribution of unemployment rates in the U.S. : A spatial-time series analysis," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 251-279, November.
  8. Burda, Michael C. & Profit, Stefan, 1996. "Matching across space: Evidence on mobility in the Czech Republic," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 255-278, October.
  9. Ron Martin, 1997. "Regional Unemployment Disparities and their Dynamics," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(3), pages 237-252.
  10. Bean, Charles R, 1994. "European Unemployment: A Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 32(2), pages 573-619, June.
  11. Anselin, Luc & Bera, Anil K. & Florax, Raymond & Yoon, Mann J., 1996. "Simple diagnostic tests for spatial dependence," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 77-104, February.
  12. Rodriguez-Pose, Andres, 1998. "Dynamics of Regional Growth in Europe: Social and Political Factors," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780198233831, October.
  13. Enrique Lopez-Bazo & Tomas Del Barrio & Manuel Artis, 2005. "Geographical distribution of unemployment in Spain," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(3), pages 305-318.
  14. Nickell, Stephen & Bell, Brian, 1996. "Changes in the Distribution of Wages and Unemployment in OECD Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 302-08, May.
  15. Taylor, Jim & Bradley, Steve, 1997. "Unemployment in Europe: A Comparative Analysis of Regional Disparities in Germany, Italy and the UK," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(2), pages 221-45.
  16. Sergio Rey & Brett Montouri, 1999. "US Regional Income Convergence: A Spatial Econometric Perspective," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(2), pages 143-156.
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