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Arbeitsplatzschaffung und Beschäftigungsgrößenklassen. Eine Untersuchung methodischer Alternativen


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  • Werner Hölzl



Diese Arbeit untersucht vier alternative Methoden, um Beschäftigungsveränderungen den einzelnen Beschäftigungsgrößenklassen zuzuordnen. Für Jahresdaten sollte demnach als Referenzgröße die durchschnittliche Unternehmensgröße bzw. ein dynamisches Allokationsverfahren verwendet werden. Aufgrund des Regression Bias ergibt sich bei Verwendung von Vorjahres- bzw. Anfangsunternehmensgrößen eine Überschätzung der Arbeitsplatzschaffung durch kleine Unternehmen. Die Verwendung der Endgröße bringt eine Überschätzung der Arbeitsplatzschaffung durch große Unternehmen mit sich. Für Quartalsdaten ist die dynamische Zuteilung zu Größenklassen vorteilhaft. Diese Methode der Zuordnung, welche das Bureau für Labour Statistics (BLS) in den USA als offizielle Methode einsetzt, erlaubt als einzige auch Gründungen und Schließungen den Unternehmensgrößenklassen zuzuordnen.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by WIFO in its series WIFO Working Papers with number 425.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 25 Apr 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wfo:wpaper:y:2012:i:425

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Keywords: Arbeitsplatzschaffung; Unternehmensgrößenklassen;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


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  1. Peter Huber & Harald Oberhofer & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2012. "Who Creates Jobs? Estimating Job Creation Rates at the Firm Level," WIFO Working Papers 435, WIFO.
  2. Davis, Steven J & Haltiwanger, John & Schuh, Scott, 1996. " Small Business and Job Creation: Dissecting the Myth and Reassessing the Facts," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 8(4), pages 297-315, August.
  3. Alex Coad & Werner Hölzl, 2010. "Firm growth: empirical analysis," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2010-02, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Evolutionary Economics Group.
  4. Werner Hölzl & Peter Huber, 2009. "An Anatomy of Firm Level Job Creation Rates over the Business Cycle," WIFO Working Papers 348, WIFO.
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