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Economic (In)Security and Gender Differences in Trade Policy Attitudes

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  • Jeffrey Drope

    ()

  • Abdur Chowdhury

    ()

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    Abstract

    Over time and across countries, researchers have noted frequent and mostly unexplained gender differences in the levels of support for policies of free or freer trade: women tend to be less favorable toward policies of liberalizing trade than men. Using an economic security explanation based principally on a mobile factors approach, we find that it is not women generally who are more negative toward trade but particularly economically vulnerable women – i.e. women from the scarce labor factor. We utilize recent survey data on individuals’ attitudes toward different facets of trade and its effects across three disparate regions to examine this phenomenon empirically. An economic security approach helps to explain the marked differences in attitudes toward trade among lower- and higher-skilled females in developing and developed countries.

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    File URL: http://www.wdi.umich.edu/files/Publications/WorkingPapers/wp1067.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan in its series William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series with number wp1067.

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    Length: pages
    Date of creation: 01 Jan 2014
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2014-1067

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    Related research

    Keywords: trade policy; gender difference; labor mobility; Latin America; Muslim countries;

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    1. Varley, Ann, 1996. "Women heading households: Some more equal than others?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 505-520, March.
    2. Carol Graham & Stefano Pettinato, 2001. "Happiness, Markets, and Democracy: Latin America in Comparative Perspective," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 237-268, September.
    3. Dutt, Pushan & Mitra, Devashish, 2002. "Endogenous trade policy through majority voting: an empirical investigation," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 107-133, October.
    4. Anna Maria Mayda & Dani Rodrik, 2001. "Why Are Some People (and Countries) More Protectionist Than Others?," NBER Working Papers 8461, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Hall, H Keith & Kao, Chihwa & Nelson, Douglas, 1998. "Women and Tariffs: Testing the Gender Gap Hypothesis in a Downs-Mayer Political-Economy Model," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 36(2), pages 320-32, April.
    6. Rachel Croson & Uri Gneezy, 2009. "Gender Differences in Preferences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 47(2), pages 448-74, June.
    7. Kucera, David & Milberg, William, 2000. "Gender Segregation and Gender Bias in Manufacturing Trade Expansion: Revisiting the "Wood Asymmetry"," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 1191-1210, July.
    8. Scheve, Kenneth F. & Slaughter, Matthew J., 2001. "What determines individual trade-policy preferences?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 267-292, August.
    9. Eugene Beaulieu & Ravindra A. Yatawara & Wei Guo Wang, 2005. "Who Supports Free Trade in Latin America?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(7), pages 941-958, 07.
    10. Eugene Beauliue & Ravi Yatawara & Wei Guo Wang, 2005. "Who supports Free Trade in Latin America?," International Trade 0506002, EconWPA.
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