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Specialization, gravity, and European trade in final goods

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  • Richard Frensch

    ()

  • Jan Hanousek

    ()

  • Evzen Kocenda

    ()

Abstract

By combining and extending the previous literature, we develop and test a gravity specification that views bilateral gravity equations rooted in a Heckscher-Ohlin framework as statistical relationships constrained on countries’ multilateral specialization patterns. According to our results, Heckscher- Ohlin specialization incentives do not seem to play much of a role in the average European bilateral final goods trade relationship. However, this aggregate view conceals that trade in final goods between Western and Eastern Europe is driven by countries’ multilateral specialization incentives, as expressed by supply-side country differences relative to the rest of the world, fully compatible with the incomplete specialization version of Heckscher-Ohlin. This indicates that many of the final goods traded between Western and Eastern Europe are still different, rather than differentiated, products.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan in its series William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series with number wp1054.

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Length: pages
Date of creation: 15 Jul 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2013-1054

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Keywords: international trade; gravity models; panel data; European Union;

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Cited by:
  1. Jan Hanousek & Evžen Kočenda, 2013. "Factors of trade in Europe," Working Papers, Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies) 333, Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies).

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