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Impact Of Institutional Quality On Human Rights Abuses In Transition Economies

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  • Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati

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  • Artur Tamazian

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    Abstract

    This purpose of this paper is to examine the direct effects of institutional quality on human rights abuses in transition economies. We make use of an alternative empirical approach for evaluation of institutional system’s development in transition economies developed by Chousa et al. (2005). To assess this relationship, along with institutional quality index, which is an operational indicator of institutional system dynamics to observe institutional reforms-economic growth interdependence, we also construct cost of decline in institutional quality and transition from communist to reforms years variables. We also evaluate the effect of institutional quality on human rights abuses conditioned by the level of transition from communist to reforms years. The empirical work reveals that an improvement in institutional quality increases government respect for human rights. While, any decline in institutional quality leads to human rights abuses. The results also show that government respect for human rights are strongly associated with transition towards reforms years.

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    File URL: http://www.wdi.umich.edu/files/Publications/WorkingPapers/wp928.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan in its series William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series with number wp928.

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    Length: pages
    Date of creation: 01 Jun 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2008-928

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    Keywords: Institutional Quality; Human Rights; Transition economies.;

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    References

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    1. Geert Bekaert & Campbell R. Harvey & Christian Lundblad, 2001. "Does Financial Liberalization Spur Growth?," NBER Working Papers 8245, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson, 2005. "Unbundling Institutions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(5), pages 949-995, October.
    3. Simon Johnson & John McMillan & Christopher Woodruff, 2000. "Entrepreneurs and the Ordering of Institutional Reform: Poland, Slovakia, Romania, Russia and Ukraine Compared," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 8(1), pages 1-36, March.
    4. Kaufmann, Daniel, 2004. "Corruption, Governance and Security: Challenges for the Rich Countries and the World," MPRA Paper 8207, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Axel Dreher & Martin Gassebner & Lars-H. R. Siemers, 2007. "Does Terror Threaten Human Rights? Evidence from Panel Data," KOF Working papers, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich 07-156, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    6. Eric Neumayer, 2005. "Do International Human Rights Treaties Improve Respect for Human Rights?," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), Peace Science Society (International), vol. 49(6), pages 925-953, December.
    7. Khan, Haider A. & Thorbecke, Erik, 1989. "Macroeconomic effects of technology choice: Multiplier and structural path analysis within a SAM framework," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 131-156.
    8. Daniel Kaufmann & Aart Kraay & Massimo Mastruzzi, 2004. "Governance Matters III: Governance Indicators for 1996, 1998, 2000, and 2002," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 18(2), pages 253-287.
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    Cited by:
    1. Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati & K K Shakya Lahiru Pathmalal, 2008. "Exploring The Relationship Between Military Spending & Human Rights Performance In South Asia," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan wp941, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.

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