Access to finance, product innovation and middle-income traps
AbstractThis paper studies interactions between access to finance, product innovation, and labor supply in a two-period overlapping generations model with an endogenous skill distribution and credit market frictions. In the model lack of access to finance (induced by high monitoring costs) has an adverse effect on innovation activity not only directly but also indirectly, because too few individuals may choose to invest in skills. If monitoring costs fall with the number of successful projects, multiple equilibria may emerge, one of which, a middle-income trap, characterized by low wages in the design sector, a low share of the labor force engaged in innovation activity, and low growth. A sufficiently ambitious policy aimed at alleviating constraints on access to finance by innovators may allow a country to move away from such a trap by promoting the production of ideas and improving incentives to invest in skills.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6767.
Date of creation: 01 Feb 2014
Date of revision:
Labor Policies; Access to Finance; Debt Markets; Economic Theory&Research; Banks&Banking Reform;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2014-02-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-DGE-2014-02-21 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
- NEP-GRO-2014-02-21 (Economic Growth)
- NEP-INO-2014-02-21 (Innovation)
- NEP-TID-2014-02-21 (Technology & Industrial Dynamics)
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