Decomposition of gender differentials in agricultural productivity in Ethiopia
AbstractThis paper employs decomposition methods to analyze differences in agricultural productivity between male and female land managers in Ethiopia. It employs data from the 2011-2012 Ethiopian Rural Socioeconomic Survey. An overall 23.4 percent gender differential in agricultural productivity is estimated at the mean in favor of male land managers, of which 10.1 percentage points are explained by differences in land manager characteristics, land attributes, and unequal access to resources (the endowment effect). The remaining 13.4 percentage points are explained by unequal returns to productive components, but cannot be easily tied to specific covariates. These results are mainly driven by non-married female managers (mainly single and divorced). Married female managers do not display such disadvantages. Further analysis along the productivity distribution reveals that gender differentials are more pronounced at mid-levels of productivity and that the share of the gender gap explained by the endowment effect declines as productivity increases. Detailed decomposition of estimates at selected points of the agricultural productivity distribution provides valuable information for policy intervention purposes.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6764.
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2014
Date of revision:
Rural Development Knowledge&Information Systems; Gender and Development; Housing&Human Habitats; Labor Policies; Gender and Health;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2014-02-21 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2014-02-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2014-02-21 (Development)
- NEP-EFF-2014-02-21 (Efficiency & Productivity)
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- Akresh, Richard, 2005. "Understanding Pareto Inefficient Intrahousehold Allocations," IZA Discussion Papers 1858, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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