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In the wake of the global crisis : evidence from a new quarterly database of export competitiveness

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  • Gaulier, Guillaume
  • Santoni, Gianluca
  • Taglioni, Daria
  • Zignago, Soledad

Abstract

Over the past two decades, international trade has become a privileged engine of growth for much of the developing world. With the global economy evolving continuously and rapidly, countries must pay close attention to their positioning on the map of global trade and production. Within this framework, countries must also become aware of how they fare relative to competitors and to their past export performance. Of particular importance is the extent to which their performance is driven by exporter own supply-side capacity as opposed to external or compositional factors, including product and geographical specialization and how these trends compare across countries. This paper describes a new initiative that uses quarterly data for 2005q1-2013q1 to compute comparable indicators of export performance for 228 countries and territories. The database, the Export Competitiveness Database, reveals interesting patterns in trade performance. Export performance, stripped of compositional effects, was strongest for countries from the Asia and Pacific region, on average. Moreover, such performance was almost entirely driven by exporting country specific factors, with changes reflecting growth in volume rather than price developments. All emerging and developing regions have, on average, improved export performance. The indicators in the database trace the legacy of supply-side capacity and the overall export performance of the double-dip recession in the euro area. An illustrative set of results suggests that the paper's measure of competitiveness correlates to a country's nominal and real effective exchange rate, factors that are commonly perceived as important determinants of competitiveness.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6733.

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Date of creation: 01 Dec 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6733

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Keywords: Currencies and Exchange Rates; Markets and Market Access; E-Business; Economic Theory&Research; Emerging Markets;

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References

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  1. Angela Cheptea & Lionel Fontagné & Soledad Zignago, 2014. "European Export Performance," Post-Print hal-00975534, HAL.
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  11. Angela Cheptea & Guillaume Gaulier & Soledad Zignago, 2005. "World Trade Competitiveness: A Disaggregated View by Shift-Share Analysis," Working Papers 2005-23, CEPII research center.
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  16. Bricongne, Jean-Charles & Fontagné, Lionel & Gaulier, Guillaume & Taglioni, Daria & Vicard, Vincent, 2010. "Firms and the global crisis: French exports in the turmoil," Working Paper Series 1245, European Central Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Canuto, Otaviano & Cavallari, Matheus & Reis, José Guilherme, 2013. "The Brazilian Competitiveness Cliff," World Bank - Economic Premise, The World Bank, issue 105, pages 1-8, February.
  2. Canuto, Otaviano & Cavallari, Matheus & Reis, Jose Guilherme, 2013. "Brazilian exports : climbing down a competitiveness cliff," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6302, The World Bank.

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