Can free provision reduce demand for public services ? evidence from Kenyan education
AbstractIn 2003 Kenya abolished user fees in all government primary schools. Analysis of household survey data shows this policy contributed to a shift in demand away from free schools, where net enrollment stagnated after 2003, toward fee-charging private schools, where both enrollment and fee levels grew rapidly after 2003. These shifts had mixed distributional consequences. Enrollment by poorer households increased, but segregation between socio-economic groups also increased. The shift in demand toward private schooling was driven by more affluent households who (i) paid higher ex ante fees and thus experienced a larger reduction in school funding, and (ii) appear to have exited public schools partially in reaction to increased enrollment by poorer children.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6685.
Date of creation: 01 Nov 2013
Date of revision:
Primary Education; Education For All; Teaching and Learning; Tertiary Education; Secondary Education;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2013-11-16 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2013-11-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2013-11-16 (Education)
- NEP-NPS-2013-11-16 (Nonprofit & Public Sector)
- NEP-URE-2013-11-16 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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