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Can free provision reduce demand for public services ? evidence from Kenyan education

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  • Bold, Tessa
  • Kimenyi, Mwangi
  • Mwabu, Germano
  • Sandefur, Justin

Abstract

In 2003 Kenya abolished user fees in all government primary schools. Analysis of household survey data shows this policy contributed to a shift in demand away from free schools, where net enrollment stagnated after 2003, toward fee-charging private schools, where both enrollment and fee levels grew rapidly after 2003. These shifts had mixed distributional consequences. Enrollment by poorer households increased, but segregation between socio-economic groups also increased. The shift in demand toward private schooling was driven by more affluent households who (i) paid higher ex ante fees and thus experienced a larger reduction in school funding, and (ii) appear to have exited public schools partially in reaction to increased enrollment by poorer children.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6685.

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Date of creation: 01 Nov 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6685

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Keywords: Primary Education; Education For All; Teaching and Learning; Tertiary Education; Secondary Education;

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  1. Ritva Reinikka & Jakob Svensson, 2004. "Local Capture: Evidence From a Central Government Transfer Program in Uganda," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 119(2), pages 678-704, May.
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  7. Gustavo J. Bobonis & Frederico Finan, 2009. "Neighborhood Peer Effects in Secondary School Enrollment Decisions," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 91(4), pages 695-716, November.
  8. Samia Laokri & Olivier Weil & K Maxime Drabo & S Mathurin Dembelé & Benoît Kafando & Bruno Dujardin, 2013. "Removal of user fees no guarantee of universal health coverage: observations from Burkina Faso," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/153197, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  9. Sandra E. Black, 1997. "Do better schools matter? Parental valuation of elementary education," Research Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of New York 9729, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
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