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Female business ownership and informal sector persistence

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Author Info

  • Ghani, Ejaz
  • Kerr, William R.
  • O'Connell, Stephen D.

Abstract

The informal sector in India has been exceptionally persistent over the past two decades. Is this a bad thing? Not necessarily. This paper shows that a substantial share of the persistence in India's unorganized manufacturing sector is due to the rapid increase in female-owned businesses. Had women's participation remained in the proportion to male-owned businesses that was evident in 1994, the unorganized manufacturing sector would have declined in share rather than increased. Most of these new female-owned businesses are opened in the household and at a small scale, about a third of the size of a typical male-owned business in the informal sector. Yet, it appears that these businesses offer economic opportunities not otherwise present and a transition for some women from unpaid domestic work.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6612.

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Date of creation: 01 Sep 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6612

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Related research

Keywords: E-Business; Banks&Banking Reform; Population Policies; Housing&Human Habitats; Gender and Health;

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References

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  1. Ejaz Ghani & William R. Kerr & Stephen D. O'Connell, 2011. "Spatial Determinants of Entrepreneurship in India," NBER Working Papers 17514, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  3. Hasan, Rana & L. Jandoc, Karl Robert, 2010. "The Distribution of Firm Size in India: What Can Survey Data Tell Us?," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 213, Asian Development Bank.
  4. Ejaz Ghani & William R. Kerr & Stephen D. O'Connell, 2011. "Local Industrial Structures and Female Entrepreneurship in India," NBER Working Papers 17596, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  23. Maria Minniti & Wim Naud�, 2010. "Introduction: What Do We Know About The Patterns and Determinants of Female Entrepreneurship Across Countries?," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 22(3), pages 277-293, July.
  24. Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
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