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Impact evaluation of three types of early childhood development interventions in Cambodia

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  • Bouguen, Adrien
  • Filmer, Deon
  • Macours, Karen
  • Naudeau, Sophie

Abstract

Scaling up early childhood development services has the potential to increase children's cognitive and socio-emotional development and promote school readiness in a large segment of the population. This study used a randomized controlled trial approach to evaluate three scaled-up programs designed to widen access to early childhood development services: formal preschools, community preschools, and home-based services. The impacts of all three programs fell short of expectations because of two key flaws in how they were scaled up. First, implementation did not receive due attention; as a result, school facilities were not completed as planned, community-based programs were not always established, and low, irregular stipends created difficulties in hiring and retaining teachers. Second, the services that were available were not promoted and thus not used as widely as anticipated. The results imply that the quality of programs supplied is critical, as is attention to the demand side of the problem. The finding that these programs fell short of expectations does not mean that interventions such as these are ineffective. Rather, it indicates that quality and demand require careful attention in attempts to scale up early childhood development interventions, and any problems should be addressed prior to evaluating effectiveness.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6540.

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Date of creation: 01 Jul 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6540

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Related research

Keywords: Primary Education; Educational Sciences; Education For All; Youth and Governance; Adolescent Health;

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  1. Jeffrey R. Kling & Jeffrey B. Liebman, 2005. "Experimental Analysis Of Neighborhood Effects On Youth," Working Papers 249, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Health and Wellbeing..
  2. Norbert Schady & Jere Behrman & Maria Caridad Araujo & Raquel Bernal, 2014. "Wealth gradients in early childhood cognitive development in five Latin American countries," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 010997, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  3. Elizabeth M. King & Jere R. Behrman, 2009. "Timing and Duration of Exposure in Evaluations of Social Programs," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 24(1), pages 55-82, February.
  4. Karen Macours & Norbert Schady & Renos Vakis, 2012. "Cash Transfers, Behavioral Changes, and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 4(2), pages 247-73, April.
  5. repec:idb:brikps:publication-detail,7101.html?id=32886 is not listed on IDEAS
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