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Rethinking the state's role in finance

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  • Cihak, Martin
  • Demirguc-Kunt, Asli

Abstract

The global financial crisis has given greater credence to the idea that active state involvement in the financial sector can be helpful for stability and development. There is now evidence that, for example, lending by state-owned banks has helped in mitigating the impact of the crisis on aggregate credit. But evidence also points to negative longer-term effects of direct interventions on resource allocation and quality of intermediation. This suggests a need to rebalance the state's roles from direct to less direct involvement, as the crisis subsides. The state does have very important roles, especially in providing well-defined regulations and enforcing them, ensuring healthy competition, and strengthening financial infrastructure. One of the crisis lessons is the importance of getting the basics right first: countries with complex but poorly enforced regulations suffered more during the global crisis. Evidence also suggests that instead of restricting competition, the state needs to encourage contestability through healthy entry of well-capitalized institutions and timely exit of insolvent ones. There is also new evidence that supports the state's key role in promoting transparency of information and reducing counterparty risk. The challenge of financial sector policies is to better align private incentives with public interest, without taxing or subsidizing private risk-taking.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6400.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6400

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Keywords: Banks&Banking Reform; Access to Finance; Debt Markets; Financial Intermediation; Emerging Markets;

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  1. Urdapilleta, Eduardo & Stephanou, Constantinos, 2009. "Banking in Brazil: Structure, Performance, Drivers, and Policy Implications," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4809, The World Bank.
  2. Anginer, Deniz & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli, 2011. "Has the global banking system become more fragile over time ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5849, The World Bank.
  3. Shawn Cole, 2009. "Financial Development, Bank Ownership, and Growth: Or, Does Quantity Imply Quality?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 91(1), pages 33-51, February.
  4. Asli Demirguc‐Kunt & Enrica Detragiache & Ouarda Merrouche, 2013. "Bank Capital: Lessons from the Financial Crisis," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 45(6), pages 1147-1164, 09.
  5. Maria Semenova, 2008. "Information Sharing in Credit Markets: Incentives for Incorrect Information Reporting," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 50(3), pages 381-415, September.
  6. Reint Gropp & Hendrik Hakenes & Isabel Schnabel, 2010. "Competition, Risk-Shifting, and Public Bail-out Policies," Working Papers 1003, Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, revised 14 Jan 2010.
  7. Andrew Ellul & Vijay Yerramilli, 2010. "Stronger Risk Controls, Lower Risk: Evidence from U.S. Bank Holding Companies," FMG Discussion Papers, Financial Markets Group dp646, Financial Markets Group.
  8. Marc Quintyn & Rosaria Vega Pansini & Donato Masciandaro, 2011. "The Economic Crisis," IMF Working Papers 11/261, International Monetary Fund.
  9. Hendrik Hakenes & Isabel Schnabel, 2004. "Banks without Parachutes – Competitive Effects of Government Bail-out Policies," Working Paper Series of the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods 2004_12, Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods.
  10. Bertay, Ata Can & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Huizinga, Harry, 2012. "Bank ownership and credit over the business cycle : is lending by state banks less procyclical?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6110, The World Bank.
  11. Svetlana Andrianova & Panicos Demetriades & Anja Shortland, 2006. "Government Ownership of Banks, Institutions, and Financial Development," WEF Working Papers, ESRC World Economy and Finance Research Programme, Birkbeck, University of London 0011, ESRC World Economy and Finance Research Programme, Birkbeck, University of London.
  12. Anginer, Deniz & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Zhu, Min, 2012. "How does bank competition affect systemic stability ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5981, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Hasan, Zubair Hasan, 2014. "The recent turmoil and monetary policy in a dual financial system with Islamic perspective," MPRA Paper 57133, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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