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Student performance and school costs in the Philippines'high schools

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  • Jimenez, Emmanuel
  • Paqueo, Vicente
  • de Vera, Ma. Lourdes

Abstract

A key consideration in the policy debate on the appropriate role of private schools in predominantly public school systems is cost effectiveness. The questions are: Do private school students learn more than their counterparts, and is it more or less expensive to educate students in private schools? Taking selectivity into account, the private schools show a significant edge over public schools in both English and Pilipino. Public schools, on the other hand, had a slight advantage in mathematics. A comparison of cost per student reveals a substantial advantage for private schools: public schools in the Philippines spend on average roughly twice as much as private schools. These findings strongly suggest that private schools are an efficient purveyor of secondary education in the formulation of policy measures that could threaten the existence of such schools.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 61.

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Date of creation: 31 Aug 1988
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:61

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Related research

Keywords: Teaching and Learning; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Gender and Education; Primary Education; Educational Sciences;

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  1. Murnane, Richard J & Newstead, Stuart & Olsen, Randall J, 1985. "Comparing Public and Private Schools: The Puzzling Role of Selectivity Bias," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 3(1), pages 23-35, January.
  2. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  3. Boissiere, M & Knight, J B & Sabot, R H, 1985. "Earnings, Schooling, Ability, and Cognitive Skills," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 75(5), pages 1016-30, December.
  4. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-77, September.
  5. Willis, Robert J & Rosen, Sherwin, 1979. "Education and Self-Selection," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages S7-36, October.
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