Determinants and dynamics of schooling and child labor in Bolivia
AbstractThis paper investigates the determinants of primary school enrollment, attendance and child labor in Bolivia from 1999 to 2007. The analysis also aims at identifying the substitution and complementary relationships between schooling and working. Although enrollment rates show a significant improvement, lack of attendance remains an issue. The empirical results reveal that the increase in enrollment is led by indigenous children and those living in urban areas. Moreover, contrary to common belief, being extremely poor and indigenous are the main determinants of school attendance. Although extremely poor children increased their school attendance, they were not able to reduce child labor. However, for indigenous children school attendance and child labor were substitutes, increasing schooling and reducing child labor.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5534.
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Street Children; Primary Education; Education For All; Youth and Governance; Children and Youth;
Other versions of this item:
- Francesco Grigoli & Giacomo Sbrana, 2013. "Determinants And Dynamics Of Schooling And Child Labour In Bolivia," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 65, pages s17-s37, 05.
- NEP-ALL-2011-01-30 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2011-01-30 (Education)
- NEP-LAB-2011-01-30 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2011-01-30 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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