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Islamic vs. conventional banking : business model, efficiency and stability

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  • Beck, Thorsten
  • Demirguc-Kunt, Asli
  • Merrouche, Ouarda

Abstract

This paper discusses Islamic banking products and interprets them in the context of financial intermediation theory. Anecdotal evidence shows that many of the conventional products can be redrafted as Sharia-compliant products, so that the differences are smaller than expected. Comparing conventional and Islamic banks and controlling for other bank and country characteristics, the authors find few significant differences in business orientation, efficiency, asset quality, or stability. While Islamic banks seem more cost-effective than conventional banks in a broad cross-country sample, this finding reverses in a sample of countries with both Islamic and conventional banks. However, conventional banks that operate in countries with a higher market share of Islamic banks are more cost-effective but less stable. There is also consistent evidence of higher capitalization of Islamic banks and this capital cushion plus higher liquidity reserves explains the relatively better performance of Islamic banks during the recent crisis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5446.

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Date of creation: 01 Oct 2010
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5446

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Keywords: Banks&Banking Reform; Debt Markets; Access to Finance; Financial Intermediation; Bankruptcy and Resolution of Financial Distress;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sheng, Andrew & Singh, Ajit, 2013. "Islamic Finance Revisited: Conceptual and Analytical Issues from the Perspective of Conventional Economics," MPRA Paper 53036, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Mahmoud Mohieldin, 2012. "Realizing the Potential of Islamic Finance," World Bank Other Operational Studies 10051, The World Bank.
  3. Laurent Weill & Christophe Godlewski, 2012. "Why Do Large Firms Go For Islamic Loans?," Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center 2012-05, Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg.
  4. Godlewski, Christophe J. & Turk-Ariss, Rima & Weill, Laurent, 2013. "Sukuk vs. conventional bonds: A stock market perspective," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 745-761.
  5. Baele, Lieven & Farooq, Moazzam & Ongena, Steven, 2011. "Of Religion and Redemption: Evidence from Default on Islamic Loans," CEPR Discussion Papers 8504, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Daher, Hassan & Masih, A.Mansur M. & Ibrahim, Mansor H., 2014. "Islamic Banks’ Capital Buffers: Unique Risk Exposures and the Disciplining Effects of Charter Values," MPRA Paper 56947, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. A. F. Aysan & M. Disli & H. Ozturk & I. M. Turhan, 2013. "Are Islamic Banks Subject to Depositor Discipline?," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 13/871, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  8. Hasan, Zubair Hasan, 2014. "The recent turmoil and monetary policy in a dual financial system with Islamic perspective," MPRA Paper 57133, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Joshua Charap & Serhan Cevik, 2011. "The Behavior of Conventional and Islamic Bank Deposit Returns in Malaysia and Turkey," IMF Working Papers 11/156, International Monetary Fund.
  10. Ouidad Yousfi, 2013. "Does PLS financing solve asymmetric information problems?," Post-Print hal-00785325, HAL.
  11. Sajjad Zaheer & Steven Ongena & Sweder van Wijnbergen, 0000. "The Transmission of Monetary Policy through Conventional and Islamic Banks," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-048/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  12. Metin AKTAS, 2013. "Stability of the Participation Banking Sector Against the Economic Crisis in Turkey," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(1), pages 180-190.

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