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Social protection in Latin America : achievements and limitations

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  • Ferreira , Francisco H.G.
  • Robalino, David

Abstract

Social protection systems in Latin America have been transformed in the past two decades. Until the 1980s, those who were not covered by the social security arrangements available primarily in the urban formal sector received little public assistance beyond universal subsidies for some food or fuel purchases. Since the 1990s, the introduction of non-contributory social insurance programs (including"social pensions") and conditional cash transfers has substantially extended the coverage and improved the incidence of social assistance. However, the organic growth of subsidized social assistance in parallel to the older social insurance system, financed largely out of taxes on formal sector employment, has led to a dual system that is neither properly equitable nor efficient. The twin challenges that now face social protection in Latin America are to better integrate those two halves of the system, and to develop programs that promote sustainable self-reliance, by moving from"safety nets"to"opportunity ropes."

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5305.

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Date of creation: 01 May 2010
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5305

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Related research

Keywords: Rural Poverty Reduction; Services&Transfers to Poor; Debt Markets; Insurance Law; Health Monitoring&Evaluation;

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Cited by:
  1. Rania Antonopoulos, 2013. "From Safety Nets to Economic Empowerment: Is There Space to Promote Gender Equality in the Evolution of Social Protection?," Economics Public Policy Brief Archive ppb_128, Levy Economics Institute, The.
  2. Nora Lustig & Sean Higgins, 2012. "Commitment to Equity Assessment (CEQ): Estimating the Incidence of Social Spending, Subsidies and Taxes Handbook," Working Papers 1219, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
  3. Pieters, Janneke, 2013. "Report No. 58: Youth Employment in Developing Countries," IZA Research Reports 58, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Raymundo M. Campos Vázquez & Carlos Chiapa & Eduardo Alma S. Santillán, 2012. "Análisis de trayectorias de los hogares beneficiarios del programa Oportunidades," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 27(2), pages 295-346.
  5. Scarlato, Margherita, 2012. "Social Enterprise, Capabilities and Development: Lessons from Ecuador," MPRA Paper 37618, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Brunori, Paolo & O'Reilly, Marie, 2010. "Social protection for development: a review of definitions," MPRA Paper 29495, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Richard M. Bird & Michael Smart, 2012. "Financing Social Expenditures in Developing Countries: Payroll or Value Added Taxes?," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1206, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  8. Nora Lustig, 2011. "Commitment to Equity Assessment (CEQ). A diagnostic framework to assess governments’ fiscal policies. Handbook," Working Papers 212, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  9. Bruno Martorano & Marco Sanfilippo & UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2012. "Innovative Features in Conditional Cash Transfers: An impact evaluation of Chile Solidario on households and children," Innocenti Working Papers inwopa656, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
  10. Barrientos, Armando, 2011. "On the Distributional Implications of Social Protection Reforms in Latin America," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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