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What constrains Africa's exports ?

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  • Freund, Caroline
  • Rocha, Nadia

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of transit, documentation, and ports and customs delays on Africa’s exports. The authors find that transit delays have the most economically and statically significant effect on exports. A one-day reduction in inland travel times leads to a 7 percent increase in exports. Put another way, a one-day reduction in inland travel times translates to a 1.5 percentage point decrease in all importing-country tariffs. By contrast, longer delays in the other areas have a far smaller impact on trade. The analysis controls for the possibility that greater trade leads to shorter delays in three ways. First, it examines the effect of trade times on exports of new products. Second, it evaluates the effect of delays in a transit country on the exports of landlocked countries. Third, it examines whether delays affect time-sensitive goods relatively more. The authors show that large transit delays are relatively more harmful because of high within-country variation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5184.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2010
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5184

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Related research

Keywords: Transport Economics Policy&Planning; Common Carriers Industry; Transport and Trade Logistics; Trade Policy; Economic Theory&Research;

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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. What constrains Africaâ??s exports ?
    by Ariel Goldring in Free Market Mojo on 2010-02-10 11:16:39
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Cited by:
  1. Cadot, Olivier & Fernandes, Ana M. & Gourdon, Julien & Mattoo, Aaditya, 2011. "Impact evaluation of trade interventions : paving the way," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5877, The World Bank.
  2. Jaime de MELO & Yvonne TSIKATA, 2014. "Regional integration in Africa: Challenges and prospects," Working Papers P93, FERDI.
  3. Matthias Busse & Ruth Hoekstra & Jens Königer, 2012. "The Impact of Aid for Trade Facilitation on the Costs of Trading," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 65(2), pages 143-163, 05.
  4. Bromley, Daniel W. & Foltz, Jeremy D., 2010. "Sustainability under Siege: Transport Costs and Corruption on West Africa's Trade Corridors," Staff Paper Series 554, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.
  5. Julie Regolo, 2013. "Export Diversification: How Much Does the Choice of the Trading Partner Matter?," Research Papers by the Institute of Economics and Econometrics, Geneva School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva 13072, Institut d'Economie et Econométrie, Université de Genève.
  6. Hoekstra, Ruth, 2013. "Boosting Manufacturing Firms' Exports? The role of trade facilitation in Africa," IEE Working Papers 197, Institut fuer Entwicklungsforschung und Entwicklungspolitik, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum.
  7. Douillet, Mathilde, 2012. "Trade policies and agricultural exports of Sub-Saharan African countries: Some stylized facts and perspectives," MPRA Paper 40962, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Menji, Sisay, 2010. "Export Performance and Determinants in Ethiopia," MPRA Paper 29427, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. William Easterly & Ariell Reshef, 2014. "African Export Successes: Surprises, Stylized Facts, and Explanations," NBER Chapters, in: African Successes: Modernization and Development National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Dick Nuwamanya Kamuganga, 2012. "What Drives Africa's Export Diversification?," IHEID Working Papers 15-2012, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
  11. Christian Nsiah & Chen Wu & Walter Mayer, 2012. "An analysis of US State’s export performance in the Asian Market," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 533-550, October.
  12. AfDB AfDB, . "East Africa Quarterly Bulletin - Second Quarter 2013," Country Brochure, African Development Bank, number 973.
  13. Dick Nuwamanya Kamuganga, 2012. "Does Intra-Africa Regional Trade Cooperation Enhance Africa’s Export Survival?," IHEID Working Papers 16-2012, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
  14. Hinh T. Dinh & George R.G. Clarke, 2012. "Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Africa : An Empirical Analysis," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 11959.
  15. José De Sousa & Julie Lochard, 2010. "Trade and Colonial Status," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 10-12, INRA UMR SMART.
  16. United Nations ESCAP, 2011. "Trade Facilitation in Asia and the Pacific: An Analysis of Import and Export Processes, Studies in Trade and Investment 71," STUDIES IN TRADE AND INVESTMENT, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), number tipub2615, December.
  17. repec:gen:geneem:13032 is not listed on IDEAS
  18. T. Dinh, Hinh & Mavridis, Dimitris A. & Nguyen, Hoa B., 2010. "The binding constraint on firms'growth in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5485, The World Bank.
  19. Behar, Alberto & Edwards, Lawrence, 2011. "How integrated is SADC ? trends in intra-regional and extra-regional trade flows and policy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5625, The World Bank.
  20. Bernard M. Hoekman, 2013. "Multilateral Institutions and African Economic Integration," RSCAS Working Papers 2013/67, European University Institute.

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