Fertility response to natural disasters : the case of three high mortality earthquakes
AbstractThe event of a natural disaster, and being directly affected by it, brings a large shock to life-cycle outcomes. In addition to the replacement effects of higher fertility following a disaster that caused high mortality, a positive fertility response may be induced as children can be used to supplement household income. This paper analyzes three high mortality earthquakes: Gujarat, India, in 2001; North-West Frontier, Pakistan, in 2005; and Izmit, Turkey, in 1999. There is evidence of a positive fertility response to exposure to these large-scale natural disasters in addition to the response to child mortality. The results in this study are consistent with those of other studies that also find a positive fertility response following exposure to a disaster.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4883.
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2009
Date of revision:
Population Policies; Natural Disasters; Hazard Risk Management; Youth and Governance; Street Children;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-04-13 (All new papers)
- NEP-CWA-2009-04-13 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-DEV-2009-04-13 (Development)
- NEP-HEA-2009-04-13 (Health Economics)
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