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Fertility response to natural disasters : the case of three high mortality earthquakes

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  • Finlay, Jocelyn E.

Abstract

The event of a natural disaster, and being directly affected by it, brings a large shock to life-cycle outcomes. In addition to the replacement effects of higher fertility following a disaster that caused high mortality, a positive fertility response may be induced as children can be used to supplement household income. This paper analyzes three high mortality earthquakes: Gujarat, India, in 2001; North-West Frontier, Pakistan, in 2005; and Izmit, Turkey, in 1999. There is evidence of a positive fertility response to exposure to these large-scale natural disasters in addition to the response to child mortality. The results in this study are consistent with those of other studies that also find a positive fertility response following exposure to a disaster.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4883.

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Date of creation: 01 Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4883

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Keywords: Population Policies; Natural Disasters; Hazard Risk Management; Youth and Governance; Street Children;

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References

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  1. Guarcelllo, Lorenzo & Mealli, Fabrizia & Rosati, Furio Camillo, 2003. "Household vulnerability and child labor : the effect of shocks, credit rationing and insurance," Social Protection Discussion Papers 29136, The World Bank.
  2. Rosenzweig, Mark R., 1986. "Risk, Implicit Contracts and the Family in Rural Areas of Low-Income Countries," Bulletins, University of Minnesota, Economic Development Center 7518, University of Minnesota, Economic Development Center.
  3. Claus Portner, 2006. "Gone With the Wind? Hurricane Risk, Fertility and Education," Working Papers, University of Washington, Department of Economics UWEC-2006-19-R, University of Washington, Department of Economics, revised Feb 2008.
  4. Claus Chr. Pörtner, 2001. "Children as insurance," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 119-136.
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Cited by:
  1. Noy, Ilan & Karim, Azreen, 2013. "Poverty, inequality and natural disasters – A survey," Working Paper Series, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance 2974, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.
  2. Xu, Guo, 2011. "Long-run consequences of natural disasters: Evidence from Tangshan," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 82, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  3. Lisa Cameron & Manisha Shah, 2013. "Risk-Taking Behavior in the Wake of Natural Disasters," NBER Working Papers 19534, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Anh Duc Dang, 2012. "On the Sources of Risk Preferences in Rural Vietnam," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics 2012-593, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.
  5. Susmita Roy, 2010. "The impact of natural disasters on crime," Working Papers in Economics, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance 10/57, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
  6. Dang, Duc Anh, 2012. "On the sources of risk preferences in rural Vietnam," MPRA Paper 38738, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Dang, Duc Anh, 2012. "On the sources of risk preferences in rural Vietnam," MPRA Paper 38058, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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