The economic impact of climate change on Kenyan crop agriculture : a ricardian approach
AbstractThis paper measures the economic impact of climate on crops in Kenya. The analysis is based on cross-sectional climate, hydrological, soil, and household level data for a sample of 816 households, and uses a seasonal Ricardian model. Estimated marginal impacts of climate variables suggest that global warming is harmful for agricultural productivity and that changes in temperature are much more important than changes in precipitation. This result is confirmed by the predicted impact of various climate change scenarios on agriculture. The results further confirm that the temperature component of global warming is much more important than precipitation. The authors analyze farmers'perceptions of climate variations and their adaptation to these, and also constraints on adaptation mechanisms. The results suggest that farmers in Kenya are aware of short-term climate change, that most of them have noticed an increase in temperatures, and that some have taken adaptive measures.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4334.
Date of creation: 01 Aug 2007
Date of revision:
Climate Change; Environmental Economics&Policies; Common Property Resource Development; Global Environment Facility; Crops&Crop Management Systems;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2007-09-09 (Africa)
- NEP-AGR-2007-09-09 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2007-09-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2007-09-09 (Development)
- NEP-ENE-2007-09-09 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-ENV-2007-09-09 (Environmental Economics)
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- Lazzaroni, S. & Bedi, A.S., 2014. "Weather variability and food consumption," ISS Working Papers - General Series 585, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
- Kabubo-Mariara, Jane, 2009. "Global warming and livestock husbandry in Kenya: Impacts and adaptations," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(7), pages 1915-1924, May.
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