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Indigenous peoples in Latin America : economic opportunities and social networks

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Author Info

  • Patrinos, Harry Anthony
  • Skoufias, Emmanuel
  • Lunde, Trine

Abstract

Despite significant changes in poverty overall in Latin America, the proportion of indigenous peoples living in poverty did not change much from the early 1990s to the present. While earlier work focused on human development, muchless has been done on the distribution and returns to income-generating assets and the effect these have on income generation strategies. The authors show that low income and low assets are mutually reinforcing. For instance, low education levels translate into low income, resulting in poor health and reduced schooling for future generations. Social networks affect the economic opportunities of individuals through two important channels-information and norms. However, the analysis shows that the networks available to indigenous peoples do not facilitate employment in nontraditional sectors.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4227.

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Date of creation: 01 May 2007
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4227

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Keywords: Population Policies; Rural Poverty Reduction; Anthropology; Economic Theory&Research; Investment and Investment Climate;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. World Bank, 2009. "Gender in Bolivian Production : Reducing Differences in Formality and Productivity of Firms," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2669.
  2. Guisan, M.C. & Aguayo, E., 2007. "Health Expenditure, Poverty and Economic Development in Latin America 2000-2005," International Journal of Applied Econometrics and Quantitative Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 4(2), pages 5-24.
  3. Hugo Nopo & Natalia Winder, 2008. "Etnicidad y acumulación de capital humano en México Urbano," Research Department Publications 4620, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  4. Cunningham, Wendy & Jacobsen, Joyce P., 2008. "Earnings inequality within and across gender, racial, and ethnic groups in four Latin American Countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4591, The World Bank.
  5. Natalia Winder & Hugo R. Ñopo, 2008. "Ethnicity and Human Capital Accumulation in Urban Mexico," IDB Publications 6755, Inter-American Development Bank.

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